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NCJ Number: 51207 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: EXPLORING ALTERNATIVES TO IMPRISONMENT AS CREATIVE RESPONSES TO CRIME - A NEW TWIST IN PENAL REFORM
Author(s): J MCGAHA
Corporate Author: American Friends Service Cmtte.
Pacific Southwest Region
United States of America
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 14
Sponsoring Agency: American Friends Service Cmtte.
Pasadena, CA 91103
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE HISTORY OF OPPOSITION TO INCARCERATION AS A MEANS OF DEALING WITH CRIME IS TRACED, AND EXAMPLES OF ALTERNATIVES TO INSTITUTIONALIZATION ARE PRESENTED.
Abstract: THE HISTORICAL REVIEW FOCUSES ON THE ACTIVITIES OF THE AMERICAN FRIENDS SERVICE COMMITTEE OF THE SOCIETY OF FRIENDS (THE QUAKERS) AND OTHER ORGANIZATIONS CONCERNED WITH FINDING ALTERNATIVES TO THE CONSTRUCTION OF NEW PRISONS. A 'HUMAN RESPONSIBILITYBUILDING MODEL' IS OUTLINED AS AN ALTERNATIVE TO THE INCARCERATION MODEL WITH ITS CUSTODIAL EMPHASIS AND DEHUMANIZING PROCEDURES. THE ALTERNATIVE MODEL INCORPORATES THE FOLLOWING FEATURES: NONEXTENSION OF THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM; USE OF INCARCERATION ONLY AS A LAST RESORT; TREATMENT OF CAUSES INSTEAD OF SYMPTOMS OF CRIME; CONSIDERATION OF THE NEEDS OF VICTIMS; ENHANCEMENT OF HUMAN AND CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS; AVOIDANCE OF ACTIVITIES THAT BRUTALIZE SOCIETY AND DEHUMANIZE OFFENDERS; NONVIOLENCE; PROTECTION OF SOCIETY WITH A MINIMUM OF INTERFERENCE IN INDIVIDUAL LIVES; USE OF APPROPRIATE RESPONSES TO SOCIAL PROBLEMS; AND INVOLVEMENT OF EX-OFFENERS AND OTHER AFFECTED GROUPS IN THE DECISIONMAKING PROCESS. EXAMPLES ARE CITED OF APPROACHES TO KEEPING PEOPLE OUT OF THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM (E.G., DECRIMINALIZATION), KEEPING ADULTS OUT OF CUSTODY (E.G., WARRANT NEGOTIATIONS, FIELD CITATIONS, RELEASE ON OWN RECOGNIZANCE, HALFWAY HOUSES, RESTITUTION PROGRAMS, COMMUNITY SERVICE SENTENCES, WEEKEND SENTENCES, WORK-STUDY RELEASE, SHORT PAROLE, EX-OFFENDER REENTRY SERVICES), AND KEEPING JUVENILES OUT OF DETENTION (HOMES FOR RUNAWAYS, SUPERVISED HOME RELEASE, TEMPORARY GROUP HOMES, NEIGHBORHOOD SERVICES, ETC.) (LKM)
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Decriminalization
Note: PAPER PRESENTED BEFORE THE STATE OF THE PRISON, AN INTERNTIONAL CRIMINAL JUSTICE CONERENCE, AT THE UNIVERSITY OF LONDON, LONDON, ENGLAND, JUNE 27-30, 1977
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=51207

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