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NCJ Number: 51222 Find in a Library
Title: CHILD ABUSE - A CONTROLLED STUDY OF SOCIAL AND FAMILY FACTORS
Author(s): S J CERESNIE
Date Published: 1976
Page Count: 160
Sponsoring Agency: UMI Dissertation Services
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
Sale Source: UMI Dissertation Services
300 North Zeeb Road
P.O. Box 1346
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
United States of America
Type: Thesis/Dissertation
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS MATCHED CONTROL SAMPLE OF 40 LOW-INCOME ABUSING AND NONABUSING MOTHER-CHILD PAIRS FINDS MATERNAL VARIABLES, PARTICULARLY CHILDREARING ATTITUDES, LOW INTELLIGENCE, AND SOCIAL ALIENATION ARE SIGNIFICANT ABUSE PREDICTORS.
Abstract: THE STUDY MATCHED 20 MOTHERS AGAINST WHOM CHILD ABUSE REPORTS HAD BEEN FILED WITH 20 MOTHERS WHO BROUGHT THEIR CHILDREN TO CHILDREN'S HOSPITAL OF MICHIGAN FOR EMERGENCY ILLNESSES. THIS CONTROL GROUP WAS SELECTED BECAUSE THE STRESS PLACED ON A CHILD AND FAMILY IS SIMILAR FOR BOTH TYPES OF HOSPITAL ADMISSION. PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTS, ATTITUDE QUESTIONNAIRES, AND PERSONNEL VISITS WERE USED TO INVESTIGATE FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH ABUSE AS REPORTED IN EXISTING LITERATURE. THE STUDY WAS PRESENTED TO THE MOTHERS AS A GENERAL SURVEY OF CHILDHOOD TRAUMA. (THE RECRUITMENT LETTER AND SURVEY INSTRUMENTS ARE INCLUDED, AS ARE TABLES PRESENTING STUDY FINDINGS.) IN GENERAL IT WAS FOUND THAT ABUSED CHILDREN ARE YOUNG (MOST UNDER 3 YEARS), THAT THEIR INJURIES ARE MULTIPLE, AND THAT DEATH OR SERIOUS DISABILITY OFTEN RESULTS. MATERNAL FACTORS ARE FOUND TO BE THE MOST IMPORTANT PREDICTORS. ABUSIVE MOTHERS ARE MORE ALIENATED AND SOCIALLY NONCONFORMING. WHEN SOCIALLY ACCEPTED ANSWERS ON A QUESTIONNAIRE ARE OBVIOUS, THEY GIVE SOCIALLY ACCEPTED ANSWERS. HOWEVER, LESS OBVIOUS QUESTIONS SHOW THAT THESE MOTHERS HAVE UNREALISTIC EXPECTATIONS FOR THEIR CHILDREN. IT ALSO FOUND THAT SIBLINGS WERE FREQUENTLY ABUSED. INVESTIGATORS ARE WARNED AGAINST THE MYTH THAT ABUSE FOCUSES ON ONLY ONE CHILD. AS PREVIOUSLY REPORTED IN THE LITERATURE, ABUSING MOTHERS HAD LOWER INTELLIGENCE AND FEWER SOCIAL RESOURCES. CONTRARY TO PREVIOUS REPORTS, TREATMENT AS A CHILD WAS NOT SIGNIFICANT. AS MANY NONABUSING AS ABUSING MOTHERS REPORTED HARSH PHYSICAL PUNISHMENT. CHILD-RELATED FACTORS DID NOT SEEM SIGNIFICANT IN ABUSE PREDICTION. THE SURVEY FINDINGS ARE DISCUSSED IN DETAIL. REFERENCES ARE INCLUDED. (GLR)
Index Term(s): Attitudes; Child abuse; Home environment; Michigan; Studies
Note: WAYNE STATE UNIVERSITY - DOCTORAL DISSERTATION
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=51222

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