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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 51226 Find in a Library
Title: CRIMINOLOGY
Author(s): G M SYKES; R K MERTON
Corporate Author: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich
United States of America
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 648
Sponsoring Agency: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich
New York, NY 10017
Sale Source: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich
757 Third Avenue
New York, NY 10017
United States of America
Type: Historical Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE DEVELOPMENT, NATURE, AND SCOPE OF CRIMINOLOGY AS AN ACADEMIC DISCIPLINE ARE EXAMINED, WITH ATTENTION TO THE STUDY, MANIFESTATIONS, CAUSES, AND PROSECUTION OF CRIME AND SOCIAL REACTIONS TO IT.
Abstract: TO UNDERSCORE HOW CRIMINOLOGY IS BOUND BY CONTEXTUAL LIMITATIONS AND THE FASCINATION OF CRIME AS A PUZZLE OF SOCIAL BEHAVIOR, THE FIRST SECTION OF THIS TEXTBOOK DEALS WITH THE HISTORY OF CRIMINOLOGY AS AN ACADEMIC DISCIPLINE AND THE PROCESS BY WHICH CRIME IS DEFINED AND STUDIED. PROPERTY CRIMES, CRIMES OF VIOLENCE, SEXUAL OFFENSES, THE ILLEGAL USE OF DRUGS, GAMBLING, AND POLITICAL CRIME ARE ANALYZED IN TERMS OF THEIR STRUCTURE, THE RATE AT WHICH THEY OCCUR, AND THE SOCIAL SITUATION IN WHICH THEY ARISE. SOCIOLOGICAL AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGICAL THEORIES OF THE CAUSES OF CRIME ARE DISCUSSED WITHIN THE CONTEXT OF TWO THEMES: (1) THE CRIMINAL IS INCREASINGLY SEEN TO BE MUCH LIKE THE NONCRIMINAL IN TERMS OF VALUES AND ATTITUDES; AND (2) ANY TRUE UNDERSTANDING OF CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR MUST DEPEND ON OTHER DISCIPLINES LIKE PSYCHOLOGY, ANTHROPOLOGY, AND SOCIOLOGY. A CONSIDERATION OF CRIMINAL PROCEDURE, THE POLICE, AND THE CRIMINAL COURTS EMPHASIZES BALANCING THE PROTECTION OF SOCIETY AND THE PROTECTION OF SUSPECTS' RIGHTS. THE FINAL SECTION CONSIDERS SOCIETY'S REACTION TO CRIMINALS AND DISCUSSES THE HISTORY OF PUNISHMENT, THE VARIOUS RATIONALES AND JUSTIFICATIONS FOR PUNISHMENT, THE QUESTION OF THE PROPER RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CRIME AND PUNISHMENT, PRISONS, PROBATION, PAROLE, AND THE EFFECTIVENESS OF REHABILITATION AND TREATMENT. REFERENCES ARE FOOTNOTED. RECOMMENDED READINGS ARE PROVIDED AT THE CLOSE OF EACH SECTION. TABLES AND PHOTOGRAPHS ILLUSTRATE THE TEXT. AN INDEX IS INCLUDED. (KBL)
Index Term(s): Course materials; Criminology; Drug law offenses; Illegal gaming/gambling; Judicial process; Political offenders; Probation or parole services; Property crimes; Punishment; Rehabilitation; Sex offenses; Theory; Violence
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=51226

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