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NCJ Number: 51249 Find in a Library
Title: EPIDEMIOLOGY AND FAMILY CHARACTERISTICS OF SEVERELY-ABUSED CHILDREN
Author(s): J A BALDWIN; J E OLIVER
Corporate Author: British Medical Assoc
United Kingdom
Date Published: 1975
Page Count: 17
Sponsoring Agency: British Medical Assoc
London, WC1 H9JR, England
University of Oxford
Headington, Oxford, England
Sale Source: University of Oxford
Unit of Clinical Epidemiology
Oxford Regional Health Authority
Old Road
Headington, Oxford,
United Kingdom
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: A STUDY OF THE EXTENT AND NATURE OF SEVERE ABUSE OF YOUNG CHILDREN IN NORTHEAST WILTSHIRE, ENGLAND, IS DOCUMENTED.
Abstract: NORTHEAST WILTSHIRE HAS A POPULATION OF 200,000, INCLUDING APPROXIMATELY 18,500 CHILDREN UNDER AGE 5. APPROXIMATELY 40 PERCENT OF THE POPULATION IS URBAN. THE STUDY ENCOMPASSES CHILDREN AGE 4 OR YOUNGER WHO HAVE SUFFERED VERY SEVERE, ACTIVE PHYSICAL ABUSE. DATA WERE OBTAINED RETROSPECTIVELY FROM CHILD ABUSE REPORTS FOR 1965-71. AN INDEPTH STUDY WAS MADE OF THE 38 CHILDREN AND 34 FAMILIES IDENTIFIED FOR THIS PERIOD. IN 1971, AN INTENSIVE EDUCATION PROGRAM WAS UNDERTAKEN TO IMPROVE CASE RECOGNITION AMONG MEDICAL PERSONNEL AND SOCIAL WORKERS. DATA FOR AN 18-MONTH PERIOD AFTER THE PROGRAM WERE GATHERED FOR PURPOSES OF COMPARISON BUT WERE NOT STUDIED IN DETAIL. FOLLOWING THE EDUCATION PROGRAM, THE RATE OF REPORTED SEVERE ABUSE WAS 1 PER 1,000 CHILDREN, AND THE DEATH RATE WAS 0.1 PER 1,000. THE ABUSE RATE FOR THE POSTEDUCATION PERIOD WAS APPROXIMATELY 2.5 TIMES GREATER THAN THE RATE FOR 1965-71. ANALYSIS OF THE CASES IN THE RETROSPECTIVE SAMPLE REVEALED THAT THE FOLLOWING FAMILY CHARACTERISTICS ARE ASSOCIATED WITH ABUSE: LARGE FAMILY SIZE; YOUTHFULNESS; LOW SOCIAL CLASS; INSTABILITY; AND GROSS PSYCHIATRIC, MEDICAL, AND SOCIAL PATHOLOGY. THE FINDINGS ARE DISCUSSED IN RELATION TO DATA FROM OTHER STUDIES. THE NEED FOR A SYSTEM OF LINKED MEDICAL RECORDS TO STUDY IN DETAIL THE APPARENT CLUSTERING OF DISORDERS WITHIN FAMILIES IS NOTED. SUPPORTING DATA AND A LIST OF REFERENCES ARE INCLUDED. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED--LKM)
Main Term(s): Child abuse
Index Term(s): Child abuse causes; Child abuse prevention; Child abuse reporting; England; Studies
Note: REPRINTED FROM BRITISH JOURNAL OF PREVENTIVE AND SOCIAL MEDICINE, V 29, N 4 (DECEMBER 1975), P 205-221
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=51249

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