skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 51430 Find in a Library
Title: CULTURE AND CRIME
Journal: ANNALES INTERNATIONALES DE CRIMINOLOGIE  Volume:16  Issue:1-2,  Dated:(1977)  Pages:87-108
Author(s): W CLIFFORD
Corporate Author: Societe Internationale de Criminologie
France
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 22
Sponsoring Agency: Societe Internationale de Criminologie
Paris, France
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: France
Annotation: THE THEME OF THIS PAPER IS THAT, UNTIL RECENTLY, NEARLY ALL CRIMINOLOGICAL RESEARCH HAS BEEN TOO NATIONALISTIC AND NARROW IN FOCUS. AS A RESULT, ALMOST NO MATERIAL EXAMINING CULTURAL RELATIONSHIPS TO CRIME HAS APPEARED.
Abstract: TO DATE ALMOST ALL STUDIES CONCERNING CROSS-CULTURAL ATTITUDES TOWARDS CRIME AND RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN CRIME AND SOCIAL PERCEPTIONS HAVE BEEN DONE BY ANTHROPOLOGISTS OR PHILOSOPHERS. CRIMINOLOGISTS TRADITIONALLY HAVE FOCUSED ON THEIR OWN COUNTRIES AND, EVEN THERE, OFTEN HAVE FAILED TO EXAMINE SUBCULTURAL INFLUENCES ON CRIME. RESEARCH IN CRIMINOLOGY HAS BEEN CONCENTRATED ON THE DEVELOPED NATIONS OF THE WEST, BUT EVEN WESTERN CRIMINOLOGY HAS FAILED TO EXAMINE REASONS FOR THE LOW CRIME RATES FOUND IN SWITZERLAND AND ICELAND TO DETERMINE THE SOCIAL AND CULTURAL FACTORS BEHIND THESE RATES. THE FADS AND FASHIONS IN CRIMINOLOGY RESEARCH ARE TRACED. CRIMINOLOGISTS ARE URGED TO BROADEN THEIR APPROACH, TO CALL UPON OTHER DISCIPLINES FOR GREATER PERSPECTIVE, TO RELATE ALL FACETS OF A CULTURE TO THE INCIDENCE OF CRIME, AND TO MAKE MORE CROSS-CULTURAL COMPARISONS. IT IS ARGUED THAT NO THEORY, MODEL, OR RESEARCH RESULT IS RELIABLE IF IT CANNOT BE VALIDATED ON THE BASIS OF A WORLD PERSPECTIVE. THE ARTICLE CONTAINS MANY FOOTNOTES, AND REFERENCES ARE PROVIDED. (GLR)
Index Term(s): Criminology; Critiques; Research methods; Socioculture; Worldwide
Note: REPRINTED FROM INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL ON CRIMINOLOGY AND PENOLOGY, V 6, N 1 (JANUARY 1978)
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=51430

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.