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NCJ Number: 51433 Find in a Library
Title: POTENTIALITIES OF SOCIAL PROCESS REGULATIONS FOR CRIME PREVENTION
Journal: ANNALES INTERNATIONALES DE CRIMINOLOGIE  Volume:16  Issue:1-2  Dated:(1977)  Pages:267-279
Author(s): V K ZVIBUL
Corporate Author: Societe Internationale de Criminologie
France
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 13
Sponsoring Agency: Societe Internationale de Criminologie
Paris, France
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: France
Annotation: INTERRELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN CRIME AND SOCIAL CONDITIONS ARE EXAMINED IN THE UNION OF THE SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLICS (USSR), ALONG WITH ATTEMPTS TO PREVENT CRIME BY REMOVING THE SOCIAL FORCES THAT LEAD TO CRIME.
Abstract: EACH SEPARATE CRIME IS CONSIDERED AN ACT OF CONSCIOUS WILL, A CONCEPT WHICH IS OFTEN LOST WHEN CRIMINOLOGISTS CONSIDER CRIME AS A MASS PHENOMENON. LENIN'S THESIS CONCERNING THE CAUSES OF CRIME IS REVIEWED BRIEFLY, AND THE EFFORTS OF THE USSR TO REMOVE THE FORCES LEADING TO THE BREAKDOWN OF INDIVIDUAL RESPONSIBILITY AND THE COMMISSION OF CRIME ARE EXPLAINED. INDIVIDUAL CONSCIOUSNESS IS VIEWED AS THE PRODUCT OF SEVERAL ELEMENTS: THE SOCIALIST ORDER; TIES TO NATIONAL GROUPS OR COLLECTIVES WHICH MAY EITHER CONFORM TO THE NATURE OF THE SOCIALIST ORDER OR OPPOSE IT; AND INDIVIDUAL AND PERSONAL LOYALTIES. CRIME IS BELIEVED TO OCCUR MOST OFTEN WHEN SOCIAL CONDITIONS LEAD TO CONFLICT BETWEEN PERSONAL AND GROUP LOYALTIES AND THE SOCIALIST ORDER. SUCH SOCIAL CONDITIONS MIGHT INCLUDE INEQUITIES IN HOUSING, SALARY, AND OPPORTUNITY. CRIME ALSO TAKES PLACE WHEN MANAGEMENT MAKES IT EASY FOR WORKERS TO APPROPRIATE MATERIALS BELONGING TO THE STATE AND RESELL THEM. AN ANALYSIS OF 150 CASES OF THEFT SHOWED THE MAJORITY TO BE THE RESULT OF POOR MANAGEMENT CONTROLS. IMPROVEMENTS IN LIVING CONDITIONS AND IMPROVEMENTS IN SOCIAL AND MANAGEMENT CONTROLS CONSTITUTE THE ELEMENTS OF CRIME CONTROL. THE JOB OF A CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTION IS TO CHANGE ATTITUDES TOWARDS CRIME; IF A PERSON IS RELEASED BEFORE SUCH CHANGE OCCURS, RECIDIVISM IS LIKELY. IT IS POINTED OUT ALSO THAT 50 PERCENT OF CRIME IN THE USSR INVOLVES FAMILY MEMBERS OR PERSONAL RELATIONSHIPS. IMPROVED LIVING CONDITIONS ARE THE KEY TO REDUCING THIS TYPE OF CRIME. FOOTNOTES CONTAIN REFERENCES. (GLR)
Index Term(s): Cause removal crime prevention; Criminology; Socioculture; Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR)
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=51433

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