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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 51480 Find in a Library
Title: TERRORIST CRIMINALITY
Journal: POLIZIA MODERNA  Volume:30  Issue:4  Dated:(APRIL 1978)  Pages:20-23
Author(s): A LUZZI
Corporate Author: Accademia Del Corpo Delle Guardie di Pubblica Sicurezza
Italy
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 4
Sponsoring Agency: Accademia Del Corpo Delle Guardie di Pubblica Sicurezza
Roma, 00196
Format: Article
Language: Italian
Country: Italy
Annotation: TERRORIST CRIMINALITY IS DEFINED ACCORDING TO THE ITALIAN EXPERIENCE WITH TERRORISM; LEGISLATION ENACTED TO CONFRONT TERRORIST ACTS IS DETAILED.
Abstract: TERRORISM IS A CRIMINAL METHODOLOGY WHICH, IF PERPETRATED AGAINST THE INSTITUTIONS OF THE STATE, CAN BE DESCRIBED AS DESTRUCTIVE BUT NEVER AS POLITICAL, AN ACT OF WAR, AN ACT OF POPULAR REVOLT, OR A REVOLUTIONARY EVENT, SINCE IT IS MORE THAN A PHENONMENON OF DELINQUENCY. VIOLATION OF THE PENAL CODE CONSTITUTES VIOLATION AGAINST THE STATE AND ITS LEGAL ORDER IS ATTACKED. TERRORISM DOES NOT ALWAYS IMMEDIATELY MANIFEST ITSELF BUT RATHER GAINS MOMENTUM THROUGH PROGRESSIVE ACTIONS WHOSE INITIAL PHASES DO NOT ALWAYS SEEM TO BE RECOGNIZABLY DANGEROUS. FOR EXAMPLE, THE SICILIAN SEPARATIST MOVEMENT, STARTED AGAINST THE ANGLO-AMERICAN ALLIED ARMED FORCES IN 1943, KINDLED A NATIONAL SICILIAN SPIRIT FOR INDEPENDENCE. FROM THESE BEGINNINGS GREW A SECRET ARMY, WHICH SPARKED OFF WHAT WOULD NOW BE RECOGNIZED AS TERRORIST ACTIVITIES AND SUBSEQUENT SUCCESSFUL GOVERNMENT SUPPRESSION. LAW DECREE N. 59 DATED MARCH 21, 1978, DEALS WITH 'SEIZURE OF PERSONS FOR PURPOSE OF EXTORTION, TERRORISM, OR DESTRUCTION' AND THEREBY MARKS ITALY'S DELIBERATE AND FRONTAL ATTACK AGAINST DESTRUCTIVE TERRORISM THAT IS BASED ON CONFUSED AND MANIACAL IDEOLOGY AND THAT COLDLY PERPETRATES HORRENDOUS, ORGANIZED CRIMES. PENAL TRIAL AND SAFETY REGULATIONS UNDER THIS DECREE ARE LISTED. FOR AN ENGLISH SUMMARY TRANSLATION, SEE NCJ # 59197. --IN ITALIAN. (MHP)
Index Term(s): Antiterrorist laws; Criminology; Italy; Laws and Statutes; Revolutionary or terrorist groups; Terrorism/Mass Violence
Note: FOR A SUMMARY TRANSLATION, SEE NCJRS INTERNATIONAL SUMMARIES - VOL. 3 (NCJ 57197).
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=51480

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