skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 51508 Find in a Library
Title: NEW PENAL SYSTEM OF SOUTH VIETNAM
Journal: REVUE DE SCIENCE CRIMINELLE ET DE DROIT PENAL COMPARE  Issue:2  Dated:(APRIL-JUNE 1978)  Pages:289-307
Author(s): P MIREL
Corporate Author: Editions Sirey
France
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 19
Sponsoring Agency: Editions Sirey
75005 Paris, France
Type: Historical Overview
Format: Article
Language: French
Country: France
Annotation: THE PENAL SYSTEM INSTITUTED IN SOUTH VIETNAM IN MARCH 1976 IS DESCRIBED ALONG WITH THE BACKGROUND FOR ITS EVOLUTION AND THE ORGANIZATION OF THE COURTS.
Abstract: THE PROVISIONAL REVOLUTIONARY GOVERNMENT ISSUED THREE EXECUTIVE ORDERS TO DEAL WITH (1) THE ORGANIZATION OF THE PEOPLE'S COURTS AND THE CHAMBERS OF POPULAR CONTROL; (2) ARREST, CONFINEMENT, SEARCHING, AND INTERROGATION; AND (3) THE DESIGNATION OF OFFENSES AND DETERMINATION OF PUNISHMENT. UP TO MARCH 1976, THE JUDICIAL SYSTEM HAD BEEN CHARACTERIZED BY ITS HARSHNESS, AND FREQUENT DEATH SENTENCES; HOWEVER, TO THE SYSTEM'S CREDIT, ONLY PERSONS WHO ACTUALLY COMMITTED CRIMES WERE SENTENCED, THE DEATH PENALTY WAS ONLY PRONOUNCED AGAINST LEGITIMATE CRIMINALS, AND POLITICAL REEDUCATION WAS ALWAYS THE PREFERRED ALTERNATIVE TO EXECUTION. THE FOUNDATIONS AND PRINCIPLES OF THE NEW JUDICIAL SYSTEM COMBINED PENAL AND POLITICAL GOALS. THE NEW LEGISLATORS WERE INFLUENCED BY THE ECONOMIC DIFFICULTIES AND THE DESIRE FOR SOCIAL CHANGE, THE LEGACY OF THE OLD REGIME (30 YEARS OF WAR AND CONSTANT VIOLENCE), CHAOS IN THE CITIES, AND THE REJECTION OF THE 'NEW ORDER' OF MAY 1, 1975 BY THE MEMBERS OF THE FORMER ARMY. THE FOUNDATIONS OF THE NEW SYSTEM CENTER ON THE SEVERE PUNISHMENT OF ENEMIES OF THE STATE, THE PROTECTION OF SOCIALIST INSTITUTIONS, AND THE REINDOCTRINATION AND EDUCATION OF THE CITIZENS TO ENABLE THEM TO TAKE AN ACTIVE PART IN THE NEW SOCIETY. AS A POLITICAL PENAL SYSTEM DIRECTLY INFLUENCED BY MARXISM, LENINISM, AND SOVIET PRINCIPLES, THE PENALTIES ARE EXTREMELY HARSH IN CASES OF CRIMES DIRECTED AT THE GOVERNMENT, OR DAMAGING TO THE REVOLUTION. THE COURT PROCEDURE ITSELF IS BASED ON SUCH DEMOCRATIC PRINCIPLES AS EQUALITY BEFORE THE LAW, PUBLIC COURT SESSIONS, THE APPEAL SYSTEM, AND CONSIDERATION OF ETHNIC PECULIARITIES; THE PEOPLE'S COURTS TRY CIVIL AS WELL AS CRIMINAL CASES. SPECIAL POPULAR TRIBUNALS DEAL WITH CRIMES AND OFFENSES AGAINST THE NATIONAL ECONOMY, AND WITH THOSE WHO GIVE ASSISTANCE TO COUNTERREVOLUTIONARY GROUPS. ALTHOUGH THE PUNITIVE MEASURES ESTABLISHED MAY SEEM HARSH, SIGNIFICANT CRIME PREVENTION EFFORTS HAVE BEEN UNDERTAKEN IN A COMPREHENSIVE AND VIGOROUS CAMPAIGN AGAINST THE CAUSES OF CRIME, UNEMPLOYMENT, AND ILLITERACY. ON THE WHOLE, THERE IS A DISTINCT RESEMBLANCE TO THE SOVIET PENAL SYSTEM OF THE 1917-37 PERIOD AND ALSO TO THAT OF NORTH VIETNAM. THE LEGISLATORS JUSTIFY THE STRICT PROCEDURES AND PENALTIES BY INSISTING THAT THEY ARE ONLY TEMPORARY AND NECESSARY TO ESTABLISH THE SOCIALIST SOCIETY. FOR AN ENGLISH SUMMARY TRANSLATION, SEE NCJ-59507. --IN FRENCH. (MHP)
Index Term(s): Court structure; Court system; Criminal codes; Criminal proceedings; Jurisprudence; Marxism; Political influences; Republic of Vietnam; Socialism; Theory; Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR); Vietnam
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=51508

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.