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NCJ Number: 51519 Find in a Library
Title: JUVENILE DELINQUENCY IN HONG KONG (FROM UNAFEI - RESOURCE MATERIAL SERIES NO 14, 1978, SEE NCJ-51514)
Author(s): K C KWOK
Corporate Author: United Nations Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention of Crime and Treatment of Offenders
Japan
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 4
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
United Nations Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention of Crime and Treatment of Offenders
Tokyo, Japan
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: Japan
Annotation: THE CAUSES OF JUVENILE DELINQUENCY IN HONG KONG, PROGRAMS OF PREVENTION, AND THE ROLE OF THE SOCIAL WELFARE DEPARTMENT IN THE TREATMENT OF YOUTHFUL OFFENDERS ARE DISCUSSED.
Abstract: THE INCREASE IN A POPULATION COMPOSED OF DIFFERENT SOCIOECONOMIC STRATA, LIMITED LEGITIMATE OPPORTUNITIES FOR UPWARD SOCIOECONOMIC MOBILITY FOR THE LOWER CLASS, THE LACK OF HEALTHY RECREATIONAL OUTLETS FOR YOUTH, AND THE BREAKDOWN OF TRADITIONAL SOCIAL CONTROLS ARE DISCUSSED AS THE PRINCIPAL CONTRIBUTING FACTORS TO THE INCREASE IN JUVENILE DELINQUENCY IN HONG KONG. IN RESPONSE TO THIS INCREASE, THE GOVERNMENT HAS FOCUSED ON PREVENTIVE YOUTH PROJECTS, WHICH INCLUDE PLAY-LEADERSHIP SCHEMES, DETACHED WORK PROGRAMS, AND SCHOOL SOCIAL WORK. BELIEVING PARKS AND PLAYGROUNDS TO BE POTENTIAL SPAWNING GROUNDS FOR DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR, THE PLAY-LEADERSHIP PROGRAM PROVIDES FOR TRAINED RECREATIONAL LEADERS AND YOUTH COUNSELORS TO INTERACT WITH THE YOUTH WHO FREQUENT THESE RECREATIONAL AREAS. 'DETACHED' SOCIAL WORKERS ARE ASSIGNED TO AREAS OF HIGH DELINQUENCY, WHERE THEY ATTEMPT TO ESTABLISH RELATIONSHIPS WITH INDIVIDUALS AND NATURAL GROUPS IN AN EFFORT TO INFLUENCE ATTITUDES AND BEHAVIOR. SOCIAL WORKERS ARE ALSO SENT TO SCHOOLS TO WORK IN THAT CONTEXT WITH THOSE HAVING DIFFICULTY IN SCHOOL ACADEMIC AND SOCIAL ADJUSTMENT. HOUSING REDEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS EMPHASIZING THE DEVELOPMENT OF COMMUNITY LIVING AND CITIZEN CRIME PREVENTION RESPONSIBILITIES ARE SPONSORED BY THE GOVERNMENT. THE ACTIVITIES OF THE PROBATION AND CORRECTIONS DIVISION OF THE DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL WELFARE ARE DISCUSSED IN THE AREAS OF PROBATION, CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTIONS, AND AFTERCARE SERVICES. THE FOUR CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTIONS FOR BOYS AND THE ONE FOR GIRLS FEATURE THE FOLLOWING PROGRAM ELEMENTS: SCHOOL AND TRADE TRAINING, RECREATIONAL AND CREATIVE TRAINING, GROUP LIVING EXPERIENCES, AND CASEWORK AND GROUP COUNSELING. LIMITED DATA ARE PROVIDED ON THE NUMBER AND AGES OF YOUTHS PROSECUTED IN 1976. (RCB)
Index Term(s): Cause removal crime prevention; Community crime prevention programs; Community involvement; Foreign juvenile justice systems; Home environment; Hong Kong
Note: PRESENTED AT THE 46TH INTERNATIONAL TRAINING COURSE ON THE TREATMENT OF JUVENILE DELINQUENTS AND YOUTHFUL OFFENDERS, TOKYO, APRIL 19 TO JULY 9, 1977
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=51519

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