skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 51584 Find in a Library
Title: CRIMINAL MATURITY, PRISON ROLES, AND NORMATIVE ALIENATION (FROM OFFENDERS AND CORRECTIONS, 1978, BY DENIS SZABO AND SUSAN KATZENELSON - SEE NCJ-51581)
Author(s): W GRUNINGER; N S HAYNER; R L AKERS
Corporate Author: Praeger Publishers
United States of America

American Soc of Criminology
Criminology
United States of America
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 18
Sponsoring Agency: American Soc of Criminology
Columbus, OH 43212
Praeger Publishers
Westport, CT 06881
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE RELATIVE IMPORTANCE OF THE SOCIAL AND CRIMINAL BACKGROUND OF A PRISONER IN CONTRAST TO THE EFFECT OF THE PRISON EXPERIENCE, AS A DETERMINANT OF INMATE ATTITUDES IS HIGHLIGHTED WITH DATA FROM 1,310 INMATES.
Abstract: THE SURVEY, PART OF A LARGER STUDY, WAS CONDUCTED AMONG PRISONS IN THE UNITED STATES, MEXICO, SPAIN, GERMANY, AND GREAT BRITAIN. THE INSTITUTIONS REPRESENTED A VARIETY OF TREATMENT AND INCARCERATION APPROACHES AND HOUSED A TOTAL OF 17,114 INMATES. THE MEN SELECTED RANDOMLY FOR THIS STUDY COMPLETED A LENGTHY QUESTIONNAIRE BASED ON PREVIOUSLY DEVELOPED MEASURES OF INMATE ATTITUDE AND ROLE DEFINITION. THE SURVEY INSTRUMENT, THE HYPOTHETICAL MODEL USED IN THE STUDY, AND THE FUNCTIONS OF CRIMINAL MATURITY (AGE AT FIRST ARREST, PRISON HISTORY, AND OFFENSE HISTORY) AND ROLE DEFINITION AS DETERMINANTS OF INMATE ATTITUDE ARE ALL DISCUSSED. IT WAS FOUND THAT CRIMINAL MATURITY HAD LITTLE RELATIONSHIP TO A PROSOCIAL OR ANTISOCIAL ROLE WHEN THE MULTIROLE CLASSIFICATION ORIGINALLY POSTULATED WAS USED. HOWEVER, RECIDIVISTS DID BECOME MORE ANTISOCIAL WITH EACH IMPRISONMENT. IT WAS ALSO FOUND THAT CUSTODY AND TREATMENT PRISONS DID NOT DIFFER SIGNIFICANTLY IN THEIR DISTRIBUTION OF SOCIAL ROLE TYPES, NOR DID THEY DIFFER IN THE CRIMINAL MATURITY LEVELS OF THEIR CLIENTELE. THE ANALYSIS SHOWED THAT NUMBER OF INCARCERATIONS IS THE MOST SIGNIFICANT PREDICTOR OF ANTISTAFF ATTITUDES, RANGING FROM 29 PERCENT AMONG FIRST OFFENDERS TO 63 PERCENT FOR THOSE WITH FIVE OR MORE PRISON TERMS. FIRST OFFENDERS SHOWED THE GREATEST ADJUSTMENT PROBLEMS, BUT CONTRARY TO EXPECTATIONS, THESE PROBLEMS WERE GREATER IN MINIMUM SECURITY THAN IN MAXIMUM SECURITY FACILITIES. FOR MATURE CRIMINALS THE MAXIMUM SECURITY SITUATION WAS MORE STRESSFUL. THE INTERPLAY OF LIVE SITUATIONS AND PRISON FACTORS WHICH FORM ATTITUDES IS DISCUSSED. IT IS CONCLUDED THAT LIFE SITUATIONS ARE THE MORE IMPORTANT INFLUENCE. (THE STUDY ALSO FOUND IMPORTANT NATIONAL DIFFERENCES, WHICH ARE DISCUSSED IN NCJ 41014.) TABLES PRESENT STUDY DATA, REFERENCES ARE APPENDED. (GLR)
Index Term(s): Alienation; Correctional institutions (adult); First time offenders; Germany; Great Britain/United Kingdom; Habitual offenders; Inmate attitudes; Mexico; Spain; Studies; United States of America
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=51584

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.