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NCJ Number: 51607 Find in a Library
Title: DETERRENT EFFECT OF CAPITAL PUNISHMENT - REPLY (FROM EVALUATION STUDIES - REVIEW ANNUAL, V 3, 1978 BY THOMAS D COOK ET AL - SEE NCJ-51598)
Author(s): I EHRLICH
Corporate Author: Sage Publications, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 7
Sponsoring Agency: Sage Publications, Inc
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
Type: Statistics
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A CRITIQUE OF THEORIES PROMULGATED BY PASSELL AND TAYLOR CONCERNING THE DETERRENT EFFECT OF CAPITAL PUNISHMENT IS PRESENTED.
Abstract: IN THEIR STUDY OF CAPITAL PUNISHMENT, PASSELL AND TAYLOR DID NOT ADEQUATELY ANALYZE THE DATA, AND THEIR NEGATIVE FINDINGS AND SOME OF THE INFERENCES THEY DREW WERE BASED ON TEST STATISTICS WHOSE PROPERTIES WERE UNKNOWN. THEIR ARGUMENT FOR POLICY IMPLICATIONS AGAINST REIMPOSITION OF THE DEATH PENALTY ON THE BASIS OF AN AUTOMATIC NEGATIVE ASSOCIATION BETWEEN EXECUTION AND CONVICTION RISKS WAS MERELY SPECULATIVE. THEY FOCUSED ON SUBPERIODS IN WHICH REGRESSION RESULTS WERE RELATIVELY WEAK AND DID NOT PROCEED TO ANALYZE THE INHERENT LIMITATIONS OF THE DATA THAT ACCOUNTED FOR THEIR RESULTS. IT IS CONTENDED THAT THERE ARE BOTH THEORETICAL AND STATISTICAL REASONS FOR USING LOG-LINEAR SPECIFICATIONS RATHER THAN A LINEAR FORMAT IN THE NATURAL VALUE OF VARIABLES WHEN INVESTIGATING CAPITAL PUNISHMENT AND DETERRENCE. RISKS OF EXECUTION AND CONVICTION CAN BE AFFECTED BY CHANGES IN THE PERCEIVED RISK OF VICTIMIZATION FROM MURDER AND RELATED CRIME. EVEN IF IT IS EFFECTIVE AS A DETERRENT, CAPITAL PUNISHMENT MAY NOT BE SOCIALLY DESIRABLE. THE ALLEGATION THAT THE REINTRODUCTION OF CAPITAL PUNISHMENT NECESSARILY LEADS TO A RISE IN MURDER CANNOT BE DEFENDED. COMPATIBILITY BETWEEN TIME-SERIES AND CROSS-SECTION RESULTS OF STUDIES, NOT ALWAYS PRESENT IN APPLICATIONS OF ECONOMIC THEORY, ACCORDS SUPPORT FOR THE ECONOMIC APPROACH TO STUDYING CRIMINAL ACTIVITY. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS PROCEDURES ARE EXAMINED, AND REFERENCES ARE INCLUDED. (DEP)
Index Term(s): Capital punishment; Deterrence; Statistical analysis; Theory
Note: REPRINTED FROM AMERICAN ECONOMIC REVIEW, V 67, N 3 (JUNE 1977), P 452-458
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=51607

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