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NCJ Number: 51642 Find in a Library
Title: APPREHENSION AND PROSECUTION OF OFFENDERS - SOME CURRENT PROBLEMS (FROM LEGAL ASPECTS OF INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM, 1978, BY ALONA E EVANS AND JOHN F MURPHY - SEE NCJ-51633)
Author(s): A E EVANS
Corporate Author: Lexington Books
United States of America

American Soc of International Law
United States of America
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 29
Sponsoring Agency: American Soc of International Law
Washington, DC 20008
Lexington Books
New York, NY 10022
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: PROBLEMS IN THE APPREHENSION AND PROSECUTION OF TERRORIST ARE DISCUSSED, WITH ATTENTION TO EXTRADITION POLICY, THE DEFENSE OF THE POLITICAL OFFENSE, JUDICIAL ASSISTANCE, AND THE HAZARDS OF AND VARIATIONS ON PROSECUTION.
Abstract: ANTITERRORIST TREATIES ENJOIN MEMBER STATES TO EXTRADITE OFFENDERS OR TO SUBMIT THEM TO PROSECUTION. STATE PRACTICE INDICATES THAT DEPORTATION IS MORE COMMON THAN EXTRADITION AS A METHOD OF COMPLIANCE. EXISTING POLICIES AND PRACTICES OF STATES WITH REGARD TO EXTRADITION, EXPULSION, AND EXCLUSION SHOULD BE REVIEWED TO ESTABLISH A COMMON STANDARD FOR THE RENDITION OF INTERNATIONAL TERRORISTS. HISTORICAL, POLITICAL, AND JURISPRUDENTIAL CONSIDERATION MAY PREVENT STATES FROM AFFIRMATIVELY DEFINING POLITICAL OFFENSE, BUT THE DEFENSE OF THE POLITICAL OFFENSE (I.E., WHERE THE ACCUSED SEEKS TO BLOCK EXTRADITION BY CLAIMING A PARTICULAR ACT IS EXEMPT UNDER RECOGNIZED POLITICAL OFFENSE CATEGORIES) AS AN OBSTACLE TO THE LEGAL CONTROL OF INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM CAN BE CURTAILED BY SELECTED ELIMINATION OF OFFENSES FROM THIS CATEGORY. SUBMISSION OF AN INTERNATIONAL TERRORIST TO PROSECUTION IS THE DUTY OF THE STATE TO WHICH HE OR SHE HAS BEEN SURRENDERED OR OF THE STATE THAT, DENYING RENDITION, HAS RETAINED CUSTODY OF THE OFFENDER. WHERE A STATE HAS FAILED TO PROSECUTE EFFECTIVELY, A REALISTIC APPRAISAL OF THE SITUATION--WITH A VIEW TO DETERMINATION OF POLICY AGAINST THE STATE--CAN BE MADE ONLY ON THE BASIS OF KNOWLEDGE OF THE MEANING OF 'SUBMIT TO PROSECUTION' IN THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM OF THE DELINQUENT STATE. CONSEQUENTLY THERE IS A NEED TO DEVELOP INFORMATION ABOUT POLICY AND PRACTICE OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEMS IN CIVILIZED STATES. A GREATER KNOWLEDGE OF THE PRACTICAL OPERATIONS OF THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEMS OF VARIOUS STATES, COUPLED WITH WIDESPREAD DEVELOPMENT OF JUDICIAL ASSISTANCE PROCEDURES IN CRIMINAL MATTERS, WOULD ALLAY MUCH OF THE RELUCTANCE OF STATES TO SURRENDER INTERNATIONAL TERRORISTS FOR PROSECUTION OR TO UNDERTAKE PROSECUTION THEMSELVES. POLICY RECOMMENDATIONS ARE PROVIDED, ALONG WITH EXTENSIVE REFERENCE NOTES. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED--KBL)
Index Term(s): International extradition; International terrorism; Policy; Political offender nonextradition; Prosecution
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=51642

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