skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 51652 Find in a Library
Title: AXIOMATIC VERSUS EMPIRICAL MODELS IN POLICY STUDIES (FROM POLICY STUDIES - REVIEW ANNUAL, V 2, 1978, BY HOWARD E FREEMAN - SEE NCJ-51647)
Author(s): J P BLAIR; S M MASER
Corporate Author: Sage Publications, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 7
Sponsoring Agency: Sage Publications, Inc
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: ARGUMENTS ARE PRESENTED FOR THE INCREASED USE OF RIGOROUS DEDUCTIVE THEORY IN POLICY STUDIES IN PLACE OF RESTRICTED EMPIRICAL INFERENCE.
Abstract: TWO BASIC APPROACHES ARE INDICATED FOR GENERATING PROPOSITIONS ABOUT SOCIAL PHENOMENA: EMPIRICAL INFERENCE, WHERE REGULARITIES ARE DERIVED FROM OBSERVATION; AND AXIOMATIC THEORY, WHICH REQUIRES AN OBSERVED REGULARITY BE NECESSARILY IMPLIED BY A LOGICAL DEDUCTION FROM A SET OF POSTULATED ASSUMPTIONS, WHILE EMPIRICAL STUDIES ARE THE BASIS FOR THE CONSTRUCTION OF AXIOMATIC THEORY, IT IS HELD THAT THE CONSTRUCTION OF DEDUCTIVE AXIOMS IS A NECESSARY STEP BEFORE EMPIRICAL STUDY CAN BE MOST EFFECTIVELY EMPLOYED IN POLICY STUDIES. THE ADVANTAGES OF AXIOMATIC MODELS ARE DISCUSSED AS FOLLOWS: (1) AXIOMATIC MODELS PROVIDE A STANDARD SET OF ASSUMPTIONS WHICH ARE CUMULATIVE AND CONDUCIVE TO EXTENSIONS AND REFINEMENTS BY OTHER RESEARCHERS; (2) AXIOMATIC MODELS MAKE A PRIORI PREDICTIONS POSSIBLE--CONSIDERED ESSENTIAL TO POLICY DEVELOPMENT; (3) AXIOMATIC MODELS ARE MORE CONDUCIVE TO NORMATIVE ANALYSIS OF PUBLIC POLICY THAN EMPIRICAL APPROACHES; (4) AN AXIOMATIC APPROACH CAN ALSO FERRET OUT VALUES THAT UNDERPIN ALTERNATIVE BEHAVIORS AND INSTITUTIONS; AND (5) DEDUCTIVE MODELS ARE USEFUL IN THE ADVOCATION OF A POLICY. SOME OF THESE VALUES OF THE AXIOMATIC MODEL ARE ILLUSTRATED IN THE INSTANCE OF A SPECIFIC PUBLIC POLICY ANALYSIS. (RCB)
Index Term(s): Analysis; Models; Policy; Sociology
Note: *This document is currently unavailable from NCJRS. REPRINTED FROM POLICY STUDIES JOURNAL, V 5, N 3 (SPRING 1977), P 282-289
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=51652

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.