skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 51653 Find in a Library
Title: IMPLEMENTATION AS EVOLUTION (FROM POLICY STUDIES - REVIEW ANNUAL, V 2, 1978, BY HOWARD E FREEMAN - SEE NCJ-51647)
Author(s): G MAJONE; A WILDAVSKY
Corporate Author: Sage Publications, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 15
Sponsoring Agency: Sage Publications, Inc
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: TWO PREVALENT MODELS DESCRIBING IMPLEMENTATION ARE CRITICIZED AND AN ALTERNATIVE MODEL THAT DESCRIBES IMPLEMENTATION AS BEING AFFECTED BY AND AFFECTING POLICY IN A UNIFIED EVOLUTIONARY PROCESS IS PROPOSED.
Abstract: TWO MODELS THAT DESCRIBE IMPLEMENTATION ARE BRIEFLY CRITICIZED: THE PLANNING-AND-CONTROL MODEL, WHICH SEES IMPLEMENTATION AS THE REASONABLY PRECISE CARRYING OUT OF PREDETERMINED GOALS AND OBJECTIVES BASED ON AN ANALYSIS OF A SITUATION; AND THE INTERACTION MODEL WHICH DEMEANS POLICYSETTING BEFORE IMPLEMENTATION AS BEING LITTLE MORE THAN AN OFFICIAL GO-AHEAD TO SET IN MOTION AN IMPLEMENTATION PROCESS THAT DEVISES ITS OWN CONSENSUS GOALS ON THE BASIS OF THE ACTORS' SKILLS AND EXPERIENCE IN MANAGEMENT. AN EVOLUTIONARY MODEL FOR IMPLEMENTATION IS PROPOSED. IT IS A SYNTHESIS OF THE TWO MODELS CRITICIZED, IN THAT POLICY CAREFULLY DEVISED BEFORE IMPLEMENTATION PROCEDURES ARE ACTIVATED IS CONSIDERED TO SET THE BASIC THRUST OF THE ACTIVITIES THAT ARE TO FOLLOW; HOWEVER, PROBLEMS AND INSIGHTS GROWING OUT OF IMPLEMENTATION EFFORTS WILL INEVITABLY SHATTER, REFORM, OR REJECT ELEMENTS OF ORIGINAL POLICY, SUCH THAT WITH THE PASSAGE OF TIME THE DYNAMICS OF IMPLEMENTATION WILL REQUIRE POLICY CHANGES DESIGNED TO REFLECT THE LIMITATIONS EXPERIENCED AND KNOWLEDGE GAINED THROUGH THE IMPLEMENTATION PROCESS. UNDER THIS MODEL, THE 'SUCCESS' OR 'FAILURE' OF A SOCIAL ACTION ENTERPRISE WILL NOT BE BE SO MUCH DETERMINED BY WHETHER OR NOT A PREDETERMINED POLICY WAS CARRIED OUT TO THE LETTER, BUT BY THE DETERMINATION OF WHAT HAS BEEN ACCOMPLISHED IN A PARTICULAR SOCIAL AREA AS THE RESULT OF A RATIONAL, EVOLUTIONARY USE OF RESOURCES AS A PART OF THE DYNAMIC AFFECTING THE TARGET AREA. (RCB)
Index Term(s): Analysis; Evaluation; Models; Planning; Policy; Sociology; Success factors
Note: *This document is currently unavailable from NCJRS.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=51653

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.