skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 51796 Find in a Library
Title: ROLE FOR THE BEHAVIORAL SCIENTIST IN HOSTAGE NEGOTIATION INCIDENTS
Journal: JOURNAL OF FORENSIC SCIENCES  Volume:23  Issue:4  Dated:(OCTOBER 1978)  Pages:797-803
Author(s): T A JOHNSON
Corporate Author: American Acad of Forensic Sciences
United States of America
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 7
Sponsoring Agency: American Acad of Forensic Sciences
Colorado Springs, CO 80901-0669
Washington State University
Pullman, WA 99164
Sale Source: Washington State University
Dept of Criminal Justice
Pullman, WA 99164
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: CAUSES OF INCREASED HOSTAGE-TAKING INCIDENTS ARE CONSIDERED, AND THE ROLE OF BEHAVIORAL SCIENTISTS IN ASSISTING CRIMINAL JUSTICE AGENCIES TO RESPOND TO THESE SITUATIONS IS DISCUSSED.
Abstract: THE INCREASE IN HOSTAGE-TAKING INCIDENTS CAN BE ATTRIBUTED TO GREATER EXPOSURE TO VIOLENCE THROUGH TELEVISION, TO IMPROVEMENTS IN POLICE TELECOMMUNICATION SYSTEMS WHICH INCREASE POLICE RESPONSE CAPABILITIES AND MAKE OFFICERS MORE LIKELY TO BE SEIZED BY SURPRISED CRIMINALS, AND TO POOR PRISON CONDITIONS WHICH SPUR PRISONERS TO SEEK REDRESS THROUGH VIOLENT MEANS. BEHAVIORAL SCIENTISTS CAN BE A RESOURCE FOR CRIMINAL JUSTICE AGENCIES IN RESPONDING TO HOSTAGE-TAKING INCIDENTS, PARTICULARLY BY PROVIDING ADVISORY ASSISTANCE. BEHAVIORAL SCIENTISTS CAN ENCOURAGE NEGOTIATION FROM A MANAGEMENT POINT OF VIEW, THUS REDUCING MANIPULATION OF PARTIES INVOLVED, AND CAN ACT AS A LIAISON BETWEEN THE NEWS MEDIA AND THE NEGOTIATORS. THEY CAN PROVIDE THE ELEMENTS FOR A SOUND WORKING RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE HOSTAGE-TAKERS AND NEGOTIATORS BY EQUIPPING CRIMINAL JUSTICE PERSONNEL WITH AN UNDERSTANDING OF COMMUNICATION THEORIES AND OF HUMAN BEHAVIOR DURING HOSTAGE-TAKING INCIDENTS. BEHAVIORAL SCIENTISTS ALSO CAN FACILITATE THE CREATION OF POLICIES AND OPERATIONAL PLANS CONGRUENT WITH BELIEFS IN PERSONAL SAFETY AND THE VALUE OF HUMAN LIFE. MOST IMPORTANTLY, THEY CAN DEVELOP BASELINE DATA COLLECTION ON HOSTAGE-TAKING AND SIMILAR OFFENSES AND PROVIDE A RESEARCH CAPABILITY TO IMPROVE KNOWLEDGE ABOUT HOSTAGE-TAKERS AND TERRORISTS. A DATA ANALYSIS OF 185 HOSTAGE-TAKING INCIDENTS, DEVELOPED BY PROFESSOR BRISTOW OF CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, IS PRESENTED. IT IS STRESSED THAT MORE AND BETTER RESEARCH IS NEEDED IN THIS AREA. REFERENCES ARE PROVIDED. (DAG)
Index Term(s): Behavior patterns; Behavioral and Social Sciences; Hostage negotiations; Hostage takers; Hostages; Police hostage-negotiation units; Research and development; Revolutionary or terrorist groups
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=51796

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.