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NCJ Number: 51811 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: ALCOHOL AND THE ECONOMIC COST OF CRIME (FROM THE ECONOMIC COST OF ALCOHOL ABUSE, 1975, BY RALPH E BERRY JR ET AL)
Author(s): R E BERRY JR; J P BOLAND; C N SMART; J R KANAK
Corporate Author: Policy Analysis
United States of America
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 25
Sponsoring Agency: Policy Analysis
Brookline, MA 02146
US Dept of Agriculture
Washington, DC 20013
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: CRIME STATISTICS AND ECONOMIC DATA REFLECTING THE IMPACT OF ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION ON CRIMINAL OFFENSES FOR THE YEAR 1975 ARE DISCUSSED.
Abstract: THE INADEQUATE STATE OF KNOWLEDGE ABOUT THE RELATION BETWEEN ALCOHOL ABUSE AND CRIME MEANS THAT ESTIMATES OF THE ECONOMIC COST OF CRIME ATTRIBUTABLE TO ALCOHOL ABUSE WILL BE AT BEST TENTATIVE. A STUDY UNDERTAKEN IN 1965 AND PUBLISHED IN 1967 BY THE PRESIDENT'S COMMISSION ON LAW ENFORCEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE YIELDED ESTIMATED COSTS OF $815 MILLION FOR VIOLENT CRIME (WILLFUL HOMICIDE, FORCIBLE RAPE, AGGRAVATED ASSAULT, ROBBERY, AND UNREPORTED VIOLENT ACTS) AND $878 MILLION FOR PROPERTY CRIMES (VANDALISM, ROBBERY, BURGLARY, LARCENY OVER $50, EMBEZZLEMENT, AUTOMOBILE THEFT, AND FORGERY). IT IS CONSERVATIVELY ESTIMATED THAT THE ECONOMIC COST OF CRIME IN 1975 WAS $3.2 BILLION. SEVERAL STUDIES HAVE APPROACHED THE PROBLEM OF ALCOHOL AND CRIME BY EXAMINING VARIOUS SOCIAL, PSYCHOLOGICAL, AND ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF INDIVIDUALS. THERE APPEARS TO BE A RELATIONSHIP AMONG ALCOHOL INGESTION, SOCIAL CLASS, AND TYPE OF VIOLENT ACTIVITY. IN ADDITION, THERE IS INCREASING CIRCUMSTANTIAL EVIDENCE LINKING ALCOHOL TO CERTAIN VIOLENT CRIMES SUCH AS HOMICIDE, ROBBERY, FORCIBLE RAPE, SEXUAL MOLESTING OF CHILDREN, AND AGGRAVATED ASSAULT. ESTIMATES OF THE ECONOMIC COST OF CRIME WHERE ALCOHOL ABUSE IS ASSOCIATED WITH CRIME ARE AS FOLLOWS: HOMICIDE, $2,071 MILLION; FORCIBLE RAPE, $2.2 MILLION, AND AGGRAVATED ASSAULT, $24 MILLION. SUPPORTING DATA AND REFERENCES ARE PROVIDED. (DEP)
Index Term(s): Alcohol-crime relationship; Alcohol-Related Offenses; Alcoholics; Alcoholism; Crime Causes; Crime costs; Social classes
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=51811

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