skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 51839 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: EMPIRICAL STUDY OF FAILURE TO APPEAR RATES AMONG ACCUSED OFFENDERS - CONSTRUCTION AND VALIDATION OF A PREDICTION SCALE
Author(s): C W ESKRIDGE
Corporate Author: Ohio State University
Program for the Study of Crime and Delinquency
United States of America
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 341
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Ohio State University
Columbus, OH 43212
US Dept of Justice
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 78NI-AX-0031
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS STUDY WAS DESIGNED TO CONSTRUCT AND VALIDATE A PREDICTION SCALE THAT COULD ACCURATELY IDENTIFY POTENTIAL FAILURE TO APPEAR TENDENCIES AMONG PRETRIAL RECOGNIZANCE RELEASE (PTRR) PROGRAM CLIENTS IN OHIO.
Abstract: FILES OF ALL INDIVIDUALS RELEASED ON A REPORTING RECOGNIZANCE BOND UNDER THE JURISDICTION OF THE FRANKLIN COUNTY, OHIO, PTRR PROGRAM DURING A 6-MONTH PERIOD IN 1976 WERE STUDIED. THREE ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES WERE UTILIZED TO CONSTRUCT A VALID PREDICTION SCALE: UNWEIGHTED MULTIPLE REGRESSION ANALYSIS, WEIGHTED MULTIPLE REGRESSION ANALYSIS, AND DISCRIMINANT ANALYSIS. A SEPARATE SAMPLE WAS EMPLOYED TO VALIDATE THE SCALE DERIVED FROM EACH TYPE OF ANALYSIS. IN TOTAL, 615 ACCUSED INDIVIDUALS WERE RELEASED DURING THE STUDY PERIOD. TO VALIDATE PREDICTION SCALES, PREDICTED FAILURE TO APPEAR OUTCOMES WERE COMPARED WITH ACTUAL FAILURE TO APPEAR OUTCOMES OF 103 ACCUSED INDIVIDUALS FROM THE UNIVERSE OF 615 WHO WERE, BY DEFINITION, NOT INCLUDED IN THE SCALE CONSTRUCTION DATA BASE. CLIENT CHARACTERISTICS FOR THE EXPERIMENTAL GROUP (512 SUBJECTS) AND THE CONTROL GROUP (103 SUBJECTS) WERE ASSESSED IN TERMS OF DEMOGRAPHY, CRIMINAL JUSTICE HISTORY, AND CASE MANAGEMENT AND OUTCOME. THE TYPICAL PROGRAM CLIENT APPEARED TO BE A YOUNG, UNMARRIED, WHITE MALE WHO DID NOT COMPLETE HIGH SCHOOL. OVER 80 PERCENT OF THOSE RELEASED ON A REPORTING RECOGNIZANCE BOND APPEARED AT ALL APPOINTED COURT HEARINGS. IN CONSTRUCTING AND VALIDATING PREDICTION SCALES, IT WAS HYPOTHESIZED THAT THERE WERE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN INDIVIDUALS RELEASED ON A REPORTING RECOGNIZANCE BOND WHO FAILED ON RECOGNIZANCE AND THOSE WHO DID NOT FAIL ON RECOGNIZANCE WITH RESPECT TO THE SEVERITY OF THE CRIMINAL CHARGE(S), THE NATURE AND EXTENT OF PREVIOUS CRIMINAL ACTIVITY, PAST COURT APPEARANCE BEHAVIOR, COMMUNITY TIES, SOCIOECONOMIC BACKGROUND, PRIOR CONTACT WITH THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM, THE TIME LAG FROM RELEASE TO INITIAL PERSONAL CONTACT WITH PTRR PROGRAM STAFF, AND CRIMINAL SANCTIONS. DATA ON THE EXPERIMENTAL AND CONTROL SUBJECTS INDICATED THAT PTRR PROGRAM ADMINISTRATORS WHO WANT TO MAINTAIN LOW FAILURE TO APPEAR RATES SHOULD MAINTAIN A RELATIVELY HIGH LEVEL OF CONTACT WITH THOSE RELEASED ON A REPORTING RECOGNIZANCE BOND, SHORTENING THE TIME LAG FROM FORMAL ACCEPTANCE OF THE RECOGNIZANCE RELEASE TO FINAL DISPOSITION DOES NOT DIMINISH FAILURE TO APPEAR RATES, AND PTRR PROGRAM ADMINISTRATORS WHO WANT TO MAINTAIN LOW FAILURE TO APPEAR RATES SHOULD REDUCE THE TIME LAG PERMITTED BETWEEN A COURT-IMPOSED RECOGNIZANCE RELEASE AND FORMAL ACCEPTANCE OF THE BOND BY THE ACCUSED PERSON. THERE IS A TENDENCY FOR THE JUDICIARY TO BE MORE SEVERE IN DISPOSITIONS FOR THOSE WHO FAIL TO APPEAR. ISSUES IN PRETRIAL RELEASE OR DETENTION AND IN RELEASE ON RECOGNIZANCE ARE EXAMINED. SUPPORTING DATA AND THE DATA COLLECTION FORM USED IN THE STUDY ARE APPENDED. FOOTNOTES ARE PROVIDED AT THE END OF REPORT CHAPTERS. (DEP)
Index Term(s): Bail jumping; Comparative analysis; Estimating methods; Ohio; Prediction; Release on recognizance; Studies
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=51839

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.