skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 51863 Find in a Library
Title: SUICIDE AMONG MURDERERS
Journal: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF OFFENDER THERAPY AND COMPARATIVE CRIMINOLOGY  Volume:22  Issue:2  Dated:(1978)  Pages:140-148
Author(s): B DANTO
Corporate Author: Assoc for Psychiatric Treatment of Offenders
United Kingdom
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 9
Sponsoring Agency: Assoc for Psychiatric Treatment of Offenders
London, NW1 6BU, England
Institute for Scientific Information
Philadelphia, PA 19104
UMI Dissertation Services
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
Sale Source: UMI Dissertation Services
300 North Zeeb Road
P.O. Box 1346
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
United States of America

Institute for Scientific Information
University City Science Ctr
3501 Market Street
Philadelphia, PA 19104
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: STUDIES OF MURDER-SUICIDE INCIDENCE IN THE U.S. AND ENGLAND ARE REVIEWED TO ASCERTAIN COMMON BEHAVIORAL PATTERNS, CAUSAL FACTORS, AND ACTOR AND VICTIM CHARACTERISTICS.
Abstract: ACCORDING TO AN ENGLISH STUDY OF 78 MURDER-SUICIDE CASES OCCURRING IN THE COUNTRY BETWEEN 1954 AND 1961, SUICIDE OR ATTEMPTED SUICIDE FOLLOWING MURDER OCCURS IN 30 PERCENT OF ALL HOMICIDE CASES, USUALLY INVOLVES PERSONS IN MIDDLE OR UPPER CLASS INCOME BRACKETS, AND OFTEN TAKES PLACE AMONG FAMILY MEMBERS. THE MURDERS ARE USUALLY COMMITTED BY GAS POISONING, OR SHOOTING (69 PERCENT), AND THE ACTIVITY USUALLY TAKES PLACE AT NIGHT DURING THE BEGINNING OF THE WEEK. THE VICTIMS ARE USUALLY CHILDREN UNDER THE AGE OF 16. ABOUT 57 PERCENT OF THE MURDERERS HAD HISTORIES OF MENTAL ILLNESS, MOST HAD NO PRIOR CONVICTION RECORD, AND MOST WERE MARRIED. THE STUDY INDICATED THAT FEELINGS OF DESPAIR IN THE ELDERLY ILL, IMPULSIVE AGGRESSION IN YOUNG PEOPLE INVOLVED IN FRUSTRATING LOVE AFFAIRS, AND INABILITY TO COPE WITH DECEIT IN FINANCIAL OR SEXUAL AFFAIRS WERE CONTRIBUTING FACTORS. THE CENTRAL PSYCHOPATHOLOGY WAS MELANCHOLIC DEPRESSION. STUDIES OF MURDER-SUICIDE INCIDENTS IN THE UNITED STATES SHOW THAT THE ACTORS MORE OFTEN WERE SCHIZOPHRENIC MALES AND THE VICTIMS WERE OLDER, OFTEN THE WIVES OF THE MURDERERS. IN THE U.S. SUICIDE FOLLOWS HOMICIDE IN ONLY 5 PERCENT OF ALL HOMICIDE CASES, BUT THERE IS A GREATER SUICIDE RATE IN U.S. JAILS AND PRISONS THAN IN BRITISH PRISONS. THE U.S. MURDER-SUICIDE INCIDENTS ALSO DISPLAY MORE VIOLENCE THAN THE ENGLISH CASES. RESEARCHERS AND THEORISTS HAVE ATTEMPTED TO UNDERSTAND THE DYNAMICS SURROUNDING MURDER-SUICIDE INCIDENTS. THESE OFTEN INVOLVE A CLOSE EMOTIONAL RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE ACTOR AND THE VICTIM; THE ACTOR IS OFTEN AFRAID OF KILLING HIMSELF AND, THEREFORE, KILLS SOMEONE ELSE, AND POSSESSIVE FEELINGS ON THE PART OF MOTHERS PLANNING SUICIDE SOMETIMES RESULT IN CHILD MURDER. PREVENTION MAY BE ACCOMPLISHED THROUGH EFFECTIVE ASSESSMENT AND FOLLOWUP OF PERSONS CONTACTED BY POLICE AND MENTAL HEALTH PERSONNEL AS A RESULT OF HOMICIDAL THREATS. TREATMENT CAN INCLUDE FAMILY INTERVIEWS, TELEPHONE CONTACTS, PRESCRIPTIONS FOR TRANQUILIZERS, HOSPITALIZATION, AND EMERGENCY INTERVENTION METHODS. REFERENCES ARE PROVIDED. (DAG)
Index Term(s): Behavior patterns; Crime Causes; Crime patterns; Crime prevention measures; Domestic relations; Great Britain/United Kingdom; Mentally ill offenders; Murder; Studies; Suicide; United States of America; Victim-offender relationships
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=51863

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.