skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 51865 Find in a Library
Title: PRISONERS' RIGHTS AND THE STANDARD MINIMUM ROLES FOR THE TREATMENT OF OFFENDERS
Journal: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF OFFENDER THERAPY AND COMPARATIVE CRIMINOLOGY  Volume:22  Issue:2  Dated:(1978)  Pages:156-163
Author(s): R KRAIEM
Corporate Author: Assoc for Psychiatric Treatment of Offenders
United Kingdom
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 8
Sponsoring Agency: Assoc for Psychiatric Treatment of Offenders
London, NW1 6BU, England
Type: Historical Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: THE HISTORICAL EVOLUTION OF THE UNITED NATIONS STANDARD MINIMUM RULES FOR THE TREATMENT OF PRISONERS IS DISCUSSED, AND SUGGESTIONS FOR UPDATING ARE OFFERED.
Abstract: THE UNITED NATIONS STANDARD MINIMUM RULES FOR THE TREATMENT OF PRISONERS IS NOTED TO HAVE EVOLVED FROM A 1929 DRAFT BY THE INTERNATIONAL PENAL AND PENITENTIARY COMMISSION, WHICH WAS ADOPTED IN 1934 BY THE ASSEMBLY OF THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS. A REVISED DRAFT WAS ADOPTED BY THE UNITED NATIONS IN 1957, AND IN ACCORDANCE WITH A MANDATE INCLUDED IN THE ADOPTION, PERIODIC SURVEYS HAVE BEEN CONDUCTED TO DETERMINE THE DEGREE OF IMPLEMENTATION ACCORDED TO THE RULES IN VARIOUS PARTS OF THE WORLD. UNITED NATIONS ACTIONS TO DATE HAVE INDICATED THE INTENTION OF THE RULES TO EXTEND RIGHTS GUARANTEES TO ALL PERSONS WHO HAVE BEEN DEPRIVED OF THEIR LIBERTY BY THE STATE, REGARDLESS OF THE STATE'S OBJECTIVES IN PLACING THOSE PERSONS UNDER DETENTION. WHILE IT IS BELIEVED THE BASIC DESIGN AND PHILOSOPHICAL THRUST OF THE RULES IS SUFFICIENT AND THAT THE RULES SHOULD BE FLEXIBLE ENOUGH TO BE APPLIED IN A VARIETY OF CIRCUMSTANCES, IT IS ADVOCATED THAT SPECIFIC DIRECTIVES THAT ARE DETERMINED TO BE LOGICAL CONSEQUENCES OF THE BASIC THRUST OF THE RULES BE ADDED. STATEMENTS OF BASIC PRINCIPLES ARE CONSIDERED TO BE THOSE THAT UNDERLIE THE RATIONALE FOR SPECIFIC DIRECTIVES; E.G., THE PROHIBITION OF ALL FORMS OF CRUEL, INHUMAN, OR DEGRADING PUNISHMENT; AND THE INSURANCE OF MATERIAL AND MORAL CONDITIONS THAT NOURISH HUMAN DIGNITY IN THE CONTEXT OF DETENTION. SUGGESTIONS FOR ADDITIONS TO IMPLEMENT BASIC PRINCIPLES ARE AS FOLLOWS: PROHIBITION OF MEDICAL AND SCIENTIFIC EXPERIMENTS WHICH MAY INFLICT PHYSICAL OR MORAL DAMAGE TO INMATES; PROHIBITION OF COLLECTIVE PUNISHMENT; INSPECTION OF PRISONS BY A BODY INDEPENDENT FROM CORRECTIONAL ADMINISTRATION; DIRECT ACCESS BY PRISONERS TO A VARIETY OF AUTHORITIES; PROHIBITION OF DIET REDUCTION; AND THE ALLOWANCE FOR GREATER FLEXIBILITY IN THE SEPARATION OF CATEGORIES OF PRISONERS, AS, FOR EXAMPLE, OF MALE AND FEMALE PRISONERS. IT IS FURTHER RECOMMENDED THAT THE RULES BE GIVEN WIDER PUBLICITY AND THAT INVESTIGATIONS INTO THEIR IMPLEMENTATION BE FIRSTHAND RATHER THAN THROUGH QUESTIONNAIRES. REFERENCES ARE PROVIDED. (RCB)
Index Term(s): Analysis; Prisoner's rights; Standards; United Nations (UN)
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=51865

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.