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NCJ Number: 51909 Find in a Library
Title: PUBLIC SAFETY - CRIME IS UP, BUT WHAT ABOUT PUNISHMENT? (FROM AMERICA IN THE SEVENTIES - SOME SOCIAL INDICATORS, 1978, BY CONRAD TAEUBER - SEE NCJ-51908)
Author(s): D SEIDMAN
Corporate Author: American Academy of Political and Social Science
United States of America
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 20
Sponsoring Agency: American Academy of Political and Social Science
Philadelphia, PA 19104
National Science Foundation
Arlington, VA 22230
Grant Number: SOC74-07148
Type: Statistics
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE STATISTICS REPORTED IN SOCIAL INDICATORS, 1976, A DOCUMENT ISSUED BY THE U.S. OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET, SHOW THAT CRIME AND ARREST RATES HAVE RISEN. DATA IMPLICATIONS AND VALIDITY ARE DISCUSSED.
Abstract: STATISTICS FOR THE YEARS 1960-1976 SHOW THAT TRENDS FOR MURDER, RAPE, ROBBERY, AGGRAVATED ASSAULT, BURGLARY, LARCENY, AND MOTOR VEHICLE THEFT ARE UPWARD, BUT THESE TRENDS AND THEIR IMPLICATIONS ARE UNCLEAR SINCE MANY CRIMES GO UNREPORTED, CRIME CLASSIFICATIONS ARE CHANGING, AND THE VARIOUS PROCEDURES UNDERTAKEN BY THE FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION TO ESTIMATE THE AMOUNT OF CRIME INTERFERE WITH DATA INTEGRITY. THE NATIONAL CRIME SURVEY (NCS), A CONTINUING NATIONAL SAMPLE SURVEY PROGRAM WHICH COUNTS VICTIMIZATIONS, IS DISCUSSED IN RELATION TO THE UNIFORM CRIME REPORTING PROGRAM WHICH COUNTS OFFENSES REPORTED TO POLICE DEPARTMENTS. NCS ALLOWS A MORE DETAILED ANALYSIS OF THE DISTRIBUTION OF VICTIMIZATION IN SOCIETY, BUT THE DATA IN SOCIAL INDICATORS, 1976 REFLECT INSUFFICIENT ANALYSIS. DATA INDICATE THAT YOUTH CRIME HAS RISEN SIGNIFICANTLY, THAT MEN HAVE HIGHER VICTIMIZATION RATES THAN WOMEN, AND THAT BLACKS HAVE HIGHER VICTIMIZATION RATES FOR CRIMES OF VIOLENCE THAN WHITES, BUT INDEPENDENT EFFECTS OF THE DISPROPORTIONATE AMOUNT OF POOR, YOUNG, AND URBAN-DWELLING BLACKS ARE DISREGARDED. RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN VICTIMS AND OFFENDERS, WHICH HAVE IMPLICATIONS FOR THE SOCIAL CHARACTER OF VIOLENT CRIME, ARE LEFT UNREPORTED. ARREST STATISTICS DISREGARD THE DEMOGRAPHIC SHIFT OF THE POPULATION DURING THE TIME PERIOD, THE DIFFERENTIAL POLICE TREATMENT OF WHITES AND BLACKS, AND DIFFERENCES BETWEEN BLACKS AND WHITES IN AGE AND INCOME DISTRIBUTION. THE INDICATORS FAIL TO POINT OUT THAT ARREST RATES GREW LESS RAPIDLY THAN REPORTED OFFENSE RATES AND THAT THE PRISON POPULATION HAS DECREASED. DATA ON INDIVIDUAL RESPONSES AND OPINIONS ABOUT CRIME ARE LIMITED TO FIREARMS DATA AND AN OPINION SURVEY COVERING 1972-1975. DATA CHARTS FROM THE SOCIAL INDICATORS, 1976 ARE PROVIDED. (DAG)
Index Term(s): Arrest statistics; Crime Statistics; Data collections; Data integrity; Demography; FBI Uniform Crime Reports; National crime statistics; Offender statistics; Police statistics; Statistical analysis; Victimization; Violent crime statistics
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=51909

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