skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 51972 Find in a Library
Title: PATROL OFFICER - SPECIAL PROBLEMS - SPECIAL CURES
Journal: POLICE CHIEF  Volume:45  Issue:11  Dated:(NOVEMBER 1978)  Pages:41-43
Author(s): L MOORE; J T DONOHUE
Corporate Author: International Assoc of Chiefs of Police
United States of America
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 3
Sponsoring Agency: International Assoc of Chiefs of Police
Alexandria, VA 22314
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: STRESSES UNDER WHICH PATROL OFFICERS MUST WORK ARE DESCRIBED, AND REMEDIES ARE SUGGESTED. SUPERVISORS ARE URGED TO BE AWARE OF STRESS SYMPTOMS AND TO TAKE ACTION BEFORE A GOOD OFFICER IS LOST.
Abstract: THE TREMENDOUS TENSION CHARACTERISTIC OF A PATROL OFFICER'S ROUTINE TOUR OF DUTY ARE SUMMARIZED. THIS TENSION COMBINES WITH PERSONAL AND DEPARTMENTAL STRESS AND CREATE PSYCHOLOGICAL TENSION, WHICH OFTEN REACHES CRISIS PROPORTIONS. A SUPERVISOR MUST REALIZE THAT OFFICERS SHOULD ROTATE DUTY. OFTEN, THE TENDENCY IS TO ASSIGN ONLY THE GOOD OFFICERS TO HIGH-CRIME AREAS. THIS DEPRIVES THE LESS EXPERIENCED OFFICER OF A CHANCE TO LEARN AND, AT THE SAME TIME, EXHAUSTS AND DECREASES THE CAPABILITIES OF THE GOOD OFFICERS. ALL HUMAN BEINGS NEED RELIEF FROM CONTINUED TENSION; POLICE PATROL OFFICERS NEED IT MORE THAN MOST. THE STRESSES OF CONTINUALLY CHANGING TOURS OF DUTY, DEPARTMENTAL INEFFICIENCY, AND COMMUNITY TENSIONS ARE EXAMINED, AND THEIR EFFECTS ON THE TOTAL PERFORMANCE OF AN OFFICER ARE DISCUSSED. THE PROBLEM IS COMPOUNDED IF THE OFFICER IS ALSO UNDER TENSION AT HOME. STRESS USUALLY MANIFESTS ITSELF FIRST IN THE OFFICER'S USE OF EXCESSIVE FORCE AGAINST SUSPECTS OR IN HIS INAPPROPRIATE RESPONSE TO A COMMUNITY SITUATION. FOR THIS REASON, RELIEVING PATROL OFFICER STRESS IS ESSENTIAL TO IMPROVED POLICE COMMUNITY RELATIONS. A SERIES OF SOLUTIONS ARE PROPOSED. THESE INCLUDE TRAINING PROGRAMS TO HELP OFFICERS AND SUPERVISORS BECOME AWARE OF CAUSES OF STRESS AND TO SUGGEST WAYS OF COPING WITH STRESS, SEMINARS FOR FAMILIES TO HELP THEM UNDERSTAND THE OFFICER'S STRESS, ELIMINATION OF DEPARTMENTAL POLICIES WHICH INCREASE STRESS, AND IMPROVING THE COMMUNITY'S APPRECIATION OF LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS THROUGH SOUND COMMUNITY RELATIONS PROGRAMS. THE DEVELOPMENT OF A VIGOROUS PHYSICAL FITNESS PROGRAM IS ALSO URGED, BECAUSE SUCH DIVERSONS SEEM TO REDUCE STRESS. (GLR)
Index Term(s): Behavior under stress; Job pressure; Personnel administration; Police personnel; Resentment; Work attitudes; Work loads
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=51972

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.