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NCJ Number: 52013 Find in a Library
Title: DIAGNOSING INDICATOR ILLS IN MULTIPLE INDICATOR MODELS (FROM STRUCTURAL EQUATION MODELS IN THE SOCIAL SCIENCES, 1973, BY ARTHUR S GOLDBERGER AND OTIS D DUNCAN - SEE NCJ-52004)
Author(s): H L COSTNER; R SCHOENBERG
Corporate Author: Seminar Press, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1973
Page Count: 33
Sponsoring Agency: Russell Sage Foundation
New York, NY 10065
Seminar Press, Inc
New York, NY 10003
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A STRATEGY FOR ANALYZING INDICATOR FLAWS IN OVERIDENTIFIED MULTIPLE INDICATOR MODELS IS REPORTED.
Abstract: MEASURED VARIABLES, TREATED AS SURROGATES FOR UNMEASURED CONSTRUCTS OF THEORETICAL INTEREST, OFTEN ARE CONTAMINATED BY SOURCES OF VARIATION OTHER THAN THOSE THEY ARE INTENDED TO REFLECT. IN STRUCTURAL EQUATION MODELS, SUCH INDICATOR CONTAMINATION MAY SERIOUSLY DISTORT PARAMETER ESTIMATES AND AFFECT THE VALIDITY OF SUBSTANTIVE CONCLUSIONS. AN ANALYSIS OF INDICATOR FLAWS IS RELEVANT TO THE ACHIEVEMENT OF MORE ACCURATE PARAMETER ESTIMATES AND TO THE IMPROVEMENT OF INDICATORS AND INCREASED CLARITY IN THEORETICAL CONCEPTS. A MODEL OF AND DATA PERTAINING TO THE INDUSTRIAL AND POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT OF NATIONS ARE USED TO EVALUATE THREE INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS (GROSS NATIONAL PRODUCT, ENERGY, AND LABOR DIVERSITY) AND SIX POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS (EXECUTIVE FUNCTIONING, LEGISLATIVE FUNCTIONING, PARTY ORGANIZATION, POWER DIVERSIFICATION, CITIZEN INFLUENCE, AND AN INDEX OF POLITICAL REPRESENTATION). CORRELATION DATA FROM THESE INDICATORS ARE PRESENTED, AND INTUITIVE INFERENCES FROM THE PATTERN OF RESIDUALS IN CORRELATIONAL ANALYSIS ARE DISCUSSED. TWO-INDICATOR AND THREE-INDICATOR SUBMODELS ARE CONSTRUCTED TO MINIMIZE INDICATOR FLAWS. THE THREE-INDICATOR SUBMODEL PROCEDURE IS APPLIED TO ACTUAL DATA. THE RELIANCE OF THE PROPOSED STRATEGY ON THE EXAMINATION OF FIT AND RESIDUALS IS EXAMINED. SUPPORTING DATA AND EQUATIONS ARE INCLUDED. (DEP)
Index Term(s): Analysis; Evaluation; Evaluation techniques; Mathematical modeling; Research
Note: REVISION OF A PAPER PRESENTED AT A CONFERENCE COSPONSORED BY THE SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH COUNCIL AND THE SOCIAL SYSTEMS RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN, MADISON, NOV 12-16, 1970
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=52013

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