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NCJ Number: 52122 Find in a Library
Title: PREDICTION OF RECIDIVISM IN A CRIMINAL POPULATION BY BIRTH ORDER AND FAMILY SIZE
Journal: PSYCHOLOGICAL REPORTS  Volume:42  Dated:(1978)  Pages:27-30
Author(s): A M HORTON JR; D M MEDLEY
Corporate Author: Psychological Reports
United States of America
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 4
Sponsoring Agency: Psychological Reports
Missoula, MT 59807
Veterans Admin Ctr Psychology Service
Martinsburg, WV 25401
Sale Source: Veterans Admin Ctr Psychology Service
Martinsburg, WV 25401
United States of America
Type: Thesis/Dissertation
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: CORRELATIONS AMONG BIRTH ORDER, FAMILY SIZE, AND PRIOR CONVICTIONS ARE EXPLORED IN A STUDY OF ADULT MALE OFFENDERS AT THE VIRGINIA DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTIONS.
Abstract: STUDY SUBJECTS INCLUDED 204 BLACK, 193 WHITE, AND 4 OTHER OFFENDERS WHO ENTERED THE DEPARTMENT FROM SEPTEMBER THROUGH DECEMBER 1975. AS PART OF THE REGULAR ADMISSIONS PROCEDURE, DATA WERE GATHERED ON BIRTH ORDER, FAMILY SIZE, AND NUMBER OF PRIOR CONVICTIONS. THE ONLY STATISTICALLY SIGNIFICANT RELATIONSHIP FOUND IS BETWEEN RECIDIVISM AND THE FIRST-BORN BIRTH-ORDER CATEGORY. FEWER FIRST-BORN OFFENDERS THAN OFFENDERS IN OTHER BIRTH-ORDER CATEGORIES (ONLY-, SECOND-, MIDDLE-, OR LAST-BORN) WERE RECIDIVISTS. THIS FINDING AGREES WITH OTHER STUDIES SHOWING DIFFERENCES IN INTELLIGENCE, ACADEMIC MOTIVATION AND ACHIEVEMENT, AFFILIATION, ATTAINMENT OF MILITARY RANK, AND OTHER AREAS BETWEEN FIRST-BORN AND OTHER BIRTH-ORDER POSITIONS. THE DATA DO NOT INDICATE SIGNIFICANT EFFECTS ON RECIDIVISM FOR FAMILY SIZE, FOR ANY BIRTH-ORDER CATEGORY OTHER THAN FIRST-BORN, OR FOR ANY INTERACTION OF FAMILY SIZE AND BIRTH ORDER. SEVERAL OTHER STUDIES HAVE FOUND DISTINCT EFFECTS FOR THESE VARIABLES. GUIDELINES FOR FURTHER RESEARCH ARE SUGGESTED. SUPPORTING DATA AND A LIST OF REFERENCES ARE INCLUDED. (LKM)
Index Term(s): Criminality prediction; Inmate statistics; Recidivism; Statistical analysis; Studies; Virginia
Note: BASED ON A DOCTORAL DISSERTATION BY A M HORTON JR UNDER THE STATISTICAL DIRECTION OF D M MEDLEY PORTIONS OF THIS ARTICLE WERE PRESENTED AT THE ANNUAL MEETING OF THE AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION, SAN FRANCISCO (CA), AUGUST 1977
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=52122

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