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NCJ Number: 52144 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: HELPING POLICE OFFICERS COPE WITH STRESS - A COGNITIVE-BEHAVIORAL APPROACH
Author(s): I G SARASON; J H JOHNSON; J P BERBERICH; J M SIEGEL
Corporate Author: University of Washington
Psychology Dept
United States of America
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 27
Sponsoring Agency: National Technical Information Service
Springfield, VA 22151
University of Washington
Seattle, WA 98195
US Dept of the Navy
Washington, DC 20032
Contract Number: N0014-75-C-0905
Publication Number: NRJ-170-804; SCS-LS-004
Sale Source: National Technical Information Service
US Dept of Commerce
5285 Port Royal Road
Springfield, VA 22151
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: EIGHTEEN TRAINEES ENROLLED IN THE SEATTLE, WASH., POLICE ACADEMY IN 1977 PARTICIPATED IN A STRESS MANAGEMENT PROGRAM THAT FOCUSED ON DEVELOPING SKILLS FOR COPING WITH ANXIETY AND ANGER.
Abstract: THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE EXPERIMENTAL PROGRAM WAS BASED ON SEVERAL ASSUMPTIONS: STRESS FACTORS CONFRONTING POLICE OFFICERS CAN BE CATEGORIZED AS THOSE ELICITING FEAR AND ANXIETY AND THOSE THAT DO NOT; BOTH PHYSIOLOGICAL RESPONSES AND COGNITIVE FACTORS ARE IMPORTANT IN COPING WITH STRESS; AND HIGH LEVELS OF ANXIETY AND ANGER FREQUENTLY INTERFERE WITH PERFORMANCE. THE TRAINEE SAMPLE WAS COMPRISED OF 10 MALES AND 8 FEMALES WHO RANGED IN AGE FROM 22 TO 34 YEARS. TRAINEES WERE RANDOMLY ASSIGNED TO THE STRESS MANAGEMENT PROGRAM OR TO A CONTROL CONDITION, WITH THE RESTRICTION THAT THERE BE AN APPROXIMATELY EQUAL NUMBER OF MALES AND FEMALES IN EACH GROUP AND THAT THE NUMBER OF MINORITY MEMBERS IN EACH GROUP BE APPROXIMATELY EQUAL. THE STRESS MANAGEMENT PROGRAM INVOLVED SIX 2-HOUR GROUP SESSIONS THAT WERE CONDUCTED BY AN EXPERIENCED CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGIST. THE SIX SESSIONS DEALT WITH THE NATURE OF STRESS CONFRONTED BY POLICE OFFICERS, THE ROLE OF COGNITIVE FACTORS IN COPING WITH STRESSFUL SITUATIONS, SELF-MONITORING OF PHYSICAL AND COGNITIVE RESPONSES THROUGH ROLE PLAYING, ANGER PROVOCATION AS A MAJOR SOURCE OF STRESS FOR POLICE OFFICERS, STRESS MANAGEMENT PROBLEMS FOR PARTICIPANTS, AND A GENERAL REVIEW OF PROGRAM ELEMENTS. STRONGEST SUPPORT FOR THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE PROGRAM WAS FOUND FOR OBSERVER RATINGS OF THE MOCK SCENE PERFORMANCE OF TRAINEES. DIFFERENCES BETWEEN EXPERIMENTAL AND CONTROL GROUPS WERE PARTICULARLY SIGNIFICANT FOR TWO MOCK SCENES INVOLVING THE TRAFFIC STOP AND FIELD INTERROGATION. THE PERFORMANCE OF TRAINEES IN SIMULATED POLICE ACTIVITIES WHO RECEIVED STRESS MANAGEMENT EDUCATION WAS RATED AS SIGNIFICANTLY SUPERIOR TO THOSE WHO HAD NOT RECEIVED SUCH EDUCATION. COPING SKILLS TAUGHT IN THE COURSE OF THE PROGRAM, HOWEVER, DID NOT HAVE FACE VALIDITY FOR ALL TRAINEES. REFERENCES AND A LIST OF SELF-STATEMENTS IN ANGER-AROUSING SITUATIONS ARE PROVIDED.
Index Term(s): Behavior under stress; Job pressure; Police personnel; Police stress training
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