skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 52196 Find in a Library
Title: FUTURE OF A CORRECTIONAL SERVICE AGENCY
Journal: PRISON JOURNAL  Volume:56  Issue:2  Dated:(AUTUMN/WINTER 1976)  Pages:3-10
Author(s): R A DAVIS
Corporate Author: Pennsylvania Prison Soc
United States of America
Date Published: 1976
Page Count: 8
Sponsoring Agency: Pennsylvania Prison Soc
Philadelphia, PA 19130
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: FOLLOWING A HISTORICAL REVIEW OF THE ROLE OF PRIVATE AGENCIES IN CORRECTION, THE VARIOUS CONTRIBUTIONS WHICH SUCH AGENCIES CAN MAKE TO THE CORRECTIONS FIELD ARE DESCRIBED.
Abstract: IN 1787 A PRIVATE AGENCY DEVELOPED A CONCEPT OF PRISON AS A HUMANE ALTERNATIVE TO CAPITAL AND CORPORAL PUNISHMENT AND ESTABLISHED A CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTION BASED ON THIS CONCEPT. ITS EFFORTS WERE ADMIRED AND DUPLICATED. AS THE FIELD OF PENOLOGY AND BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES DEVELOPED, HOWEVER, PRIVATE AGENCIES WERE SUPPLANTED BY PROFESSIONALS IN THESE FIELDS. THE DEVELOPMENT OF CENTRALIZED BUREAUCRACIES AT THE STATE AND COUNTY LEVELS AND THE APPEARANCE OF THE CIVIL SERVICE TRANSFERRED THE CONTROL OF PRISONS TO STATE AND COUNTY OFFICIALS. WITH THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE FEDERAL BUREAU OF PRISONS, PRIVATE AGENCIES WERE EXPECTED ONLY TO SUPPORT THE EFFORTS OF PROFESSIONALS IN THE FIELD. IN SPITE OF THESE DEVELOPMENTS, PRIVATE AGENCIES CAN CONTINUE TO SERVE IMPORTANT FUNCTIONS. IN THEIR ROLE AS VOLUNTEER VISITORS IN PRISONER VISITATION PROGRAMS, PEOPLE FROM THE PRIVATE SECTOR MAINTAIN A DISTINCT RELATIONSHIP WITH PRISONERS BECAUSE THEY LACK THE PROFESSIONAL IMAGE AND ARE TOTALLY REMOVED FRM ANY IDENTIFICATION WITH THE PRISONER. THE COMPASSION AND OBJECTIVENESS WHICH A VOLUNTEER IS ABLE TO EXPRESS CAN HAVE A POSITIVE EFFECT ON A PRISONER'S IDENTITY AND SELF-IMAGE. ANOTHER ROLE OF THE PRIVATE AGENCY IS TO MONITOR AND CHALLENGE THE GOVERNMENTAL SYSTEMS, WHICH ARE INEVITABLY POLITICAL, TO INSURE PROPER MANAGEMENT OF CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES. VOLUNTEERS AS WELL AS THE STAFF OF THE PRIVATE AGENCY CAN CONTRIBUTE TO THE MONITORING EFFORTS. PRIVATE CORRECTIONAL AGENCIES CAN ALSO PLAY AN IMPORTANT ROLE IN CORRECTIONS RESEARCH. FINDINGS INDICATE THAT CORRECTIONAL TREATMENT PROGRAMS ARE INEFFECTIVE IN REDUCING RECIDIVISM. RESEARCH IN THIS AREA WOULD HELP TO ELIMINATE INEFFECTIVE AND COSTLY METHODS AND HELP TO IDENTIFY MORE EFFECTIVE METHODS OF REHABILITATION. (MGB)
Index Term(s): Correctional institutions (adult); Management; Reform
Note: ARTICLE BASED ON A PRESENTATION AT THE ANNUAL MEETING OF P-A-C-E IN INDIANAPOLIS, INDIANA, APRIL 29, 1976
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=52196

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.