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NCJ Number: 52204 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: DRUG ABUSE IN SUBURBIA - A TEN-YEAR STUDY OF DRUG ABUSE, CRIME AND THE MANAGEMENT OF DRUG ABUSE OFFENDERS IN THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM IN NASSAU COUNTY, NEW YORK FINAL REPORT
Corporate Author: Nassau Cty Probation Dept
United States of America
Project Director: W BOTWINIK
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 369
Sponsoring Agency: Nassau Cty Probation Dept
Mineola, NY 11501
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: USING DATA OBTAINED ON DRUG ABUSERS DURING THE PERIOD 1967-1977, THE STUDY FOCUSES UPON THE PROBLEM OF DRUG ABUSE AT THE COUNTY, VILLAGE, AND COMMUNITY LEVELS, AND PROVIDES EXTENSIVE INFORMATION ON DRUG ABUSERS.
Abstract: PHASE ONE OF THE STUDY IN NASSAU COUNTY, N.Y., COVERED THE EARLY EPIDEMIC YEARS OF DRUG ABUSE, 1967-1971, AND CONSISTED OF AN ANALYSIS OF DATA ON SOME 9,587 DRUG OFFENDERS. STUDY OBJECTIVES FOCUSED ON THE EPIDEMIOLOGY OF DRUG ABUSE IN THE COUNTY, THE DEVELOPMENT OF A CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM THAT WOULD ENCOMPASS THE MAJORITY OF THE TYPES OF DRUG ABUSERS, AND A SERIES OF DRUG OFFENDER PROFILES. ANALYSES OF THE SCOPE, ETIOLOGY, INCIDENCE, AND PREVALENCE OF THE VARIOUS TYPES OF DRUG ABUSERS, AS WELL AS THEIR DEMOGRAPHIC, SOCIAL, LEGAL, ECONOMIC, RACIAL, CULTURAL, AND FAMILY BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS WERE CONDUCTED. PHASE TWO OF THE STUDY EXAMINED DRUG ABUSE DURING THE PERIOD 1972-1975, EXAMINING 12,058 DRUG ABUSERS. IN ADDITION, THE YEARS OF 1976 AND 1977 WERE USED FOR FOLLOWUP AND PROGRAM OUTCOME EVALUATIONS, AS WELL AS FOR COMPARATIVE ANALYSES OF THE FINDINGS DERIVED FROM THE FIRST TWO PHASES OF THE STUDY. PHASE TWO ALSO INCLUDED EFFORTS TO ASSESS THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE COUNTY CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM IN THE MANAGEMENT OF DRUG ABUSE OFFENDERS, THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DRUG ABUSE AND OTHER TYPES OF CRIME, AND THE IMPACT OF SOCIAL POLICIES AND PROGRAMS ON DRUG ABUSE. EVIDENCE FROM THE STUDY INDICATES THAT THE NASSAU COUNTY CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM HAS BEEN SUCCESSFUL IN ITS MANAGEMENT OF ILLICIT DRUG ABUSE AND THAT ITS EFFECTIVENESS INCREASED OVER THE YEARS MONITORED BY THE STUDY. THIS GROWING EFFECTIVENESS IN COMBATING THE PROBLEM IS BELIEVED DUE TO THE EFFORTS OF THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM TO PROVIDE THE QUANTITY AND QUALITY OF PROGRAMS AND SERVICES DICTATED BY THE SCOPE AND NATURE OF DRUG ABUSE AND RELATED CRIME. WHILE THE STUDY FOUND NO RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN MARIHUANA ABUSE PER SE AND OTHER KINDS OF CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR, IT WAS FOUND TO BE THE DOMINANT DRUG OF ABUSE, INCREASINGLY SO OVER THE PERIOD OF THE STUDY. HEROIN ABUSE RANKED HIGHEST WITH PERSONS OF LOW MEDIAN FAMILY INCOME. CRIME WAS FOUND TO BE HIGH IN NEIGHBORHOODS OF LOW INCOME LEVEL. WHILE USERS OF DRUGS WERE INCREASINGLY DIVERTED FROM THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM INTO REHABILITATION PROGRAMS, SELLERS OF DRUGS WERE DEALT WITH THROUGH PROBATION AND INCARCERATION, WITH HEROIN TRAFFICKERS MOST OFTEN INCARCERATED. DATA FROM THE STUDY ARE PROVIDED, ALONG WITH SELECTED REFERENCES. (RCB)
Index Term(s): Drug abuse; Drug law enforcement; Drug offenders; Drug Related Crime; Drug treatment; Drug treatment programs; New York; Statistical analysis; Studies
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=52204

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