skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 52228 Find in a Library
Title: VIOLENCE IN THE FAMILY
Journal: MEDICO-LEGAL JOURNAL  Volume:43  Issue:3  Dated:(1975)  Pages:76-88
Author(s): T C N GIBBENS
Corporate Author: Dramrite Printers Ltd
United Kingdom
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 13
Sponsoring Agency: Dramrite Printers Ltd
London, SE1 4PH, England
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: DIFFERENT TYPES OF FAMILY VIOLENCE ARE EXPLORED, AND CHARACTERISTICS OF BOTH OFFENSES AND OFFENDERS ARE DISCUSSED.
Abstract: FOUR TYPES OF VIOLENCE IN THE FAMILY ARE NOTED: (1) FATAL VIOLENCE BY HUSBANDS TO THEIR WIVES; (2) FATAL VIOLENCE BY FATHERS TO THEIR CHILDREN, WITH OR WITHOUT WIVES BEING INCLUDED IN THE VIOLENCE; (3) VIOLENCE BY WIVES TO THEIR CHILDREN AND OCCASIONALLY VIOLENCE TO THEIR HUSBANDS; AND (4) VIOLENCE BETWEEN SIBLINGS IN A FAMILY AND SOMETIMES VIOLENCE BY CHILDREN TO THEIR PARENTS. A MAJOR PROBLEM IN EVALUATING THESE TYPES OF VIOLENCE IS WHETHER THERE IS A CONTINUOUS GRADATION BETWEEN MINOR AGGRESSION AND VIOLENCE AND MAJOR CASES THAT REACH THE COURTS. ORIGINS OF AGGRESSION AND VIOLENCE ARE COMPLEX. AGGRESSION HAS BEEN CONSIDERED PRIMARILY AS THE OUTCOME OF FRUSTRATION, AND MANY KINDS OF FRUSTRATION EXIST. ON THE OTHER HAND, IT IS THEORIZED THAT AGGRESSION CAN BE LEARNED BEHAVIOR. AFTER ABOUT 3 YEARS OF AGE, THE INCIDENCE OF CHILD BATTERING BY MOTHERS APPEARS TO BECOME LESS, AND ABUSE IS MUCH LESS COMMON IN LARGE FAMILIES WITH OLDER MOTHERS. HUSBANDS AND WIVES CONTRIBUTE ALTERNATELY TO THE INSTABILITY OF ONE ANOTHER. THE INFLUENCE OF ALCOHOL OR DRUGS IN FAMILY VIOLENCE IS DIFFICULT TO ASSESS. ALCOHOL PLAYS A MAJOR ROLE IN WIFE BATTERING BUT A MINIMAL ROLE IN CHILD ABUSE. CHANGES IN LIFE CONDITIONS ARE SIGNIFICANT IN RELATION TO STRESSES ENCOUNTERED BY ALREADY UNSTABLE INDIVIDUALS. FAMILY VIOLENCE SEEMS TO BE PREVALENT ACROSS ALL SOCIAL CLASSES, ALTHOUGH THE MIDDLE CLASS HAS A GREATER OPPORTUNITY TO CONCEAL VIOLENCE. THE LAW DOES NOT CONTRIBUTE MUCH TO RESOLVING THE PROBLEMS OF VIOLENCE IN THE FAMILY. NUMEROUS STUDIES INVOLVING THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF FAMILY VIOLENCE ARE CITED. A DISCUSSION OF POINTS MADE IN THE ARTICLE IS INCLUDED. (DEP)
Index Term(s): Battered husbands; Battered wives; Child abuse; Family offenses; Offenders; Violence
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=52228

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.