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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 52229 Find in a Library
Title: SECULARIZATION, DEVIANCE AND DELINQUENCY AMONG ISRAELI ARAB VILLAGERS
Journal: HUMAN RELATIONS  Volume:28  Issue:7  Dated:(SEPTEMBER 1975)  Pages:661-674
Author(s): S G SHOHAM; E SEGAL; G RAHAV
Corporate Author: Plenum Publishing Corp
United States of America
Date Published: 1975
Page Count: 14
Sponsoring Agency: Plenum Publishing Corp
New York, NY 10013-1576
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE CRIMINALITY OF RURAL ARABS IN ISRAEL IS ANALYZED IN TERMS OF CULTURE CONFLICT. DATA WERE OBTAINED FROM 175 YOUNG MALES FROM FIVE ARAB VILLAGES AND FROM A SAMPLE OF 43 ARAB PRISONERS.
Abstract: IT WAS HYPOTHESIZED THAT EACH OF THE FOLLOWING FACTORS WOULD BE CORRELATED WITH CRIMINALITY: MODERNIZATION, SECULARIZATION, LIBERAL ATTITUDES TOWARD WOMEN, AND MODERN VALUE ORIENTATION. THE FINAL RESEARCH SAMPLE, SELECTED BECAUSE THE YOUNG MEN REPORTED A DISPROPORTIONALLY HIGH RATE OF OFFENSES, WAS COMPARED TO A GROUP OF ARAB PRISONERS. AN INTERVIEW QUESTIONNAIRE WAS ADMINISTERED TO THE TWO GROUPS THAT WAS DESIGNED TO OBTAIN INFORMATION IN THE FOLLOWING AREAS: GENERAL BACKGROUND, RELIGIOSITY, ATTITUDES TOWARD KINSHIP AND FAMILY TIES, TRADITIONALISM, RECREATION PATTERNS, ATTITUDES TOWARD WOMEN, AND GENERAL VALUE ORIENTATION. AN ANALYSIS OF BACKGROUND DATA REVEALED NO DIFFERENCES BETWEEN CRIMINALS AND NONCRIMINALS. SUBJECTS HAD VERY LOW SOCIOECONOMIC ORIGINS AND LITTLE ACCESS TO MODERN FACILITIES. THE METHOD USED TO ANALYZE THE DATA INVOLVED A MULTIVARIATE ANALYSIS INCLUDING A FACTOR ANALYSIS OF ALL ORDINAL VARIABLES. THE SIGNIFICANT LINKS BETWEEN THE QUESTIONNAIRE'S INDEPENDENT VARIABLES AND CRIMINALITY REVEALED THREE AREAS OF SIGNIFICANT CORRELATIONS: (1) OFFENDERS TENDED TO BE UNMARRIED, SUPPORTING THE GENERAL HYPOTHESIS IN THAT SHEER EXISTENCE OF FAMILY STRUCTURE IS A STABILIZING FACTOR; (2) AMONG THE OFFENDERS THE SOURCE OF FAMILY INCOME WAS MORE OFTEN LAND THAN CAPITAL; AND (3) THE EDUCATIONAL LEVEL OF THE FATHERS OF OFFENDERS WAS LOWER. IT WAS CONCLUDED THAT CULTURE CONFLICT BETWEEN REJECTED CULTURAL PATTERNS OF THE VILLAGE AND THE AS YET UNATTAINED CULTURE OF THE CITY RESULTS IN INDISCRIMINATE ABSORPTION OF 'STREET CULTURE.' THIS ABSORPTION IS DEEMED TO BE PREDISPOSING TO DELINQUENCY AND CRIME. SAMPLE QUESTIONNAIRE ITEMS, TABLES, AND REFERENCES ARE INCLUDED. (KJM)
Index Term(s): Comparative analysis; Cultural influences; Drug use; Home environment; Israel; Juvenile delinquency factors; Minorities; Urbanization
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=52229

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