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NCJ Number: 52233 Find in a Library
Title: RELATION OF MORAL AND COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT TO DIMENSIONS OF JUVENILE DELINQUENCY
Journal: JOURNAL OF ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY  Volume:86  Issue:4  Dated:(1977)  Pages:414-420
Author(s): G J JURKOVIC; K W DODGE
Corporate Author: American Psychological Assoc
United States of America
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 7
Sponsoring Agency: American Psychological Assoc
Washington, DC 20002-4242
Type: Thesis/Dissertation
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: PSYCHOPATHIC DELINQUENTS ARE MORE DEFICIENT IN MORAL DEVELOPMENT THAN NONPSYCHOPATHIC DELINQUENTS AND NONDELINQUENTS DEMONSTRATING THAT DELINQUENCY CAN BE CONCEPTUALIZED IN COGNITIVE-DEVELOPMENTAL TERMS.
Abstract: USING QUAY'S TYPOLOGY, THREE GROUPS OF 12 MEMBERS EACH OF ADOLESCENT PSYCHOPATHIC, NEUROTIC, AND SUBCULTURAL DELINQUENT MALES AND A MATCHED NONDELINQUENT CONTROL GROUP INDIVIDUALLY WERE ADMINISTERED KOHLBERG'S STRUCTURED MORAL DILEMMAS, TWO PIAGETIAN TASKS OF COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT (PENDULUM AND BALANCE), AND AN ADAPTATION OF FLAVELL'S ROLE TAKING TASK. JUVENILE DELINQUENTS WERE CHOSEN FOR STUDY FROM A POOL OF APPROXIMATELY 120 INSTITUTIONALIZED DELINQUENT BOYS. PSYCHOPATHIC DELINQUENTS WERE FOUND TO BE MORE IMMATURE IN THEIR LEVEL OF MORAL DEVELOPMENT THAN ALL THE OTHER GROUPS; THE OTHER GROUPS DID NOT DIFFER FROM ONE ANOTHER. PSYCHOPATHIC DELINQUENTS WERE SIGNIFICANTLY MORE CONCRETE IN THEIR THINKING ON COGNITIVE TASKS THAN ALL OTHER GROUPS; THE OTHER GROUPS EXHIBITED SIGNS OF EARLY FORMAL OPERATIONAL THINKING. PSYCHOPATHIC AND, TO A LESSER EXTENT, NEUROTIC DELINQUENTS WERE DEFICIENT IN ROLE TAKING, AS COMPARED WITH SUBJECTS IN CONTROL AND SUBCULTURAL GROUPS WHO DID NOT DIFFER FROM ONE ANOTHER. THE FINDINGS PROVIDE EVIDENCE AGAINST VIEWING DELINQUENCY AS A UNITARY SYNDROME OF DEVIANCE. FROM A PRACTICAL STANDPOINT, THE ISOLATION OF DELINQUENT SUBGROUPS AND THEIR CORRELATES HAS SIGNIFICANT IMPLICATIONS FOR THE DESIGNING OF CORRECTIONAL PROGRAMS MORE APPROPRIATELY ORIENTED TO THE DIFFERENTIAL COGNITIVE AND PERSONALITY STRUCTURES OF JUVENILE DELINQUENTS. SUPPORTING DATA AND REFERENCES ARE PROVIDED. THE STUDY INSTRUMENTS ARE NOT INCLUDED. (AUTHOR'S ABSTRACT MODIFIED--DEP)
Index Term(s): Cognitive developmental theory; Male offenders; Mentally ill offenders; Psychology; Psychopaths; Youth development
Note: BASED ON A DOCTORAL DISSERTATION SUBMITTED TO THE UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS AT AUSTIN, 1975
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=52233

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