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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 52299 Find in a Library
Title: NEW HAMPSHIRE - ALCOHOL SAFETY ACTION PROJECT - ANALYSIS OF THE ADJUDICATION OF ALCOHOL RELATED TRAFFIC ARRESTS FINAL REPORT, 1977
Author(s): R G ULMER; H H JACOBS
Corporate Author: Dunlap and Associates
United States of America
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 28
Sponsoring Agency: Dunlap and Associates
Darien, CT 06820
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
US Dept of Transportation National Highway Traffic Safety Admin
Washington, DC 20590
Contract Number: DOT HS-055-1-71
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Statistics
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: DISPOSITIONS OF DRIVING WHILE INTOXICATED (DWI) CASES IN NEW HAMPSHIRE FOLLOWING THE STATE'S INTRODUCTION OF A MULTIFACETED PROGRAM DESIGNED TO DETER ALCOHOL-IMPAIRED DRIVING ARE ANALYZED.
Abstract: THE NEW HAMPSHIRE ALCOHOL SAFETY ACTION PROJECT (ASAP), OPERATIONAL FROM 1972 THROUGH 1976, CONSISTED OF A VARIETY OF COUNTERMEASURES IN THE AREAS OF ENFORCEMENT, DRIVER RETRAINING/REHABILITATION, AND PUBLIC INFORMATION. WHILE ASAP WAS OPERATIONAL, CERTAIN LAWS RELATING TO DWI CASES WERE MODIFIED, ANNUAL DWI COURT CASELOADS MORE THAN TRIPLED, BREATH TESTING REPLACED BLOOD TESTING FOR EVIDENTIARY PURPOSES, LEGAL CHALLENGES AND COURT RULINGS ESTABLISHED NEW CASE LAW, AND ASAP-ADMINISTERED REHABILITATION WAS ADDED AS AN OPTION IN DWI ADJUDICATION. BECAUSE THE NEW HAMPSHIRE COURTS ALREADY WERE HANDLING MOST DWI CASES EFFECTIVELY AND EFFICIENTLY, ASAP PLANNERS MINIMIZED DIRECT INTERVENTION IN THE ADJUDICATION PROCESS AND ESTABLISHED A SYSTEM WHEREBY CONVICTED DWI OFFENDERS COULD BE REFERRED TO ASAP FOR POSTSENTENCE DIAGNOSIS AND ENTRY INTO DRIVER RETRAINING SCHOOL. SCHOOL ATTENDANCE WAS ENCOURAGED THROUGH A SYSTEM OF VARIABLE-LENGTH LICENSE REVOCATION. ANALYSIS OF DATA GATHERED JOINTLY BY ASAP AND THE DEPARTMENT OF MOTOR VEHICLES SHOWS THAT IN 1976, OF 8,478 TOTAL DWI ARRESTS, 1,090 HAD BLOOD ALCOHOL COUNTS (BAC'S) BELOW 0.10 AND WERE NOT ARRAIGNED, 6,300 WERE CHARGED AS FIRST OFFENDERS, AND 489 WERE CHARGED AS SECOND OFFENDERS. (NO DISPOSITION RECORD WAS OBTAINED FOR 699.) OF THE 5,483 FIRST OFFENDERS WHO WERE FOUND GUILTY, 1,819 WERE REFERRED TO ASAP. COMPARATIVE DATA FOR 1971 THROUGH 1976 SHOW THAT THE AVERAGE FINE FOR DWI FIRST OFFENSES HAS INCREASED GRADUALLY OVER THE YEARS, AS HAS JUDGES' USE OF THE ASAP REFERRAL/VARIABLE LICENSE REVOCATION DISPOSITION. IN 1976 THE AVERAGE FINE FOR FIRST OFFENDERS WAS $160, AND THE MOST COMMON REVOCATION PERIOD WAS 60 DAYS (46.8 PERCENT OF ALL REVOCATIONS). VARIABLE REVOCATION ASSOCIATED WITH ASAP REFERRAL ACCOUNTED FOR 32.5 PERCENT OF ALL REVOCATIONS FOR FIRST OFFENDERS. THE DATA ANALYSIS COVERS DWI PLEAS AND FINDINGS, PENALTIES, APPEALS, COMPARISON AMONG JURISDICTIONS, AND CHARACTERISTICS (BAC) AT ARREST, AGE, RESIDENCE) OF DWI OFFENDERS. THIRTEEN TABLES ARE INCLUDED. (LKM)
Index Term(s): Court statistics; Dispositions; Driving Under the Influence (DUI); New Hampshire
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=52299

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