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NCJ Number: 52320 Find in a Library
Title: SOME GENETIC ASPECTS OF ALCOHOLISM AND CRIMINALITY
Journal: ARCHIVES OF GENERAL PSYCHIATRY  Volume:35  Issue:3  Dated:(MARCH 1978)  Pages:269-276
Author(s): M BOHMAN
Corporate Author: American Medical Assoc
Publishing Operation Division
United States of America
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 8
Sponsoring Agency: American Medical Assoc
Chicago, IL 60610
Umeå Centre for Global Health Research
90185 Umea,
Sale Source: Umeå Centre for Global Health Research
Epidemiology and Public Health Sciences
University of Umea
Building 9B, Door X5
90185 Umea,
Sweden
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: DATA ON APPROXIMATELY 2,000 SWEDISH ADOPTEES AND THEIR BIOLOGICAL AND ADOPTIVE PARENTS ARE ANALYZED TO EXPLORE THE POSSIBILITY OF A GENETIC DETERMINANT OF ALCOHOLISM AND CRIMINALITY.
Abstract: THE STUDY DRAWS ON INFORMATION FROM STATE CRIMINAL RECORDS AND OFFICIAL REGISTERS OF ALCOHOLICS IN SWEDEN THE FREQUENCY OF REGISTERED ALCOHOLISM FOR ADOPTEES IS APPROXIMATELY THE SAME AS THAT FOR THE GENERAL POPULATION, BUT THE FREQUENCY OF ALCOHOLISM FOR THEIR BIOLOGICAL PARENTS IS TWO TO THREE TIMES GREATER THAN THAT FOR THE GENERAL POPULATION. VERY FEW ADOPTIVE PARENTS ARE REGISTERED ALCOHOLICS. THERE IS, HOWEVER, A SIGNIFICANT CORRELATION BETWEEN ALCOHOLISM IN BIOLOGICAL PARENTS AND ALCOHOLISM IN THE SONS THEY PLACED FOR ADOPTION. CRIMINAL RECORDS SHOW NO CORRELATION BETWEEEN BIOLOGICAL PARENTS AND THEIR CHILDREN. THE FINDINGS SUPPORT THE HYPOTHESIS THAT THERE IS A GENETIC DETERMINANT FOR ALCOHOLISM, BUT NOT FOR CRIMINALITY (DEFINED AS REPEATED OFFENSES RESULTING IN LONG PRISON SENTENCES). THE FINDINGS ALSO SUGGEST THAT CRIMINALITY IS MORE LIKELY A CONSEQUENCE OF ALCOHOL ABUSE THAN A MANIFESTATION OF GENETIC PREDISPOSITION. IMPLICATIONS ARE DISCUSSED AND COMPARED WITH CONCLUSIONS DRAWN BY OTHER RESEARCHERS. SUPPORTING DATA AND A LIST OF REFERENCES ARE INCLUDED. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED--IKM)
Index Term(s): Alcohol-crime relationship; Alcoholism causes; Biological influences; Genetic influences on behavior; Nonbehavioral correlates of crime; Studies; Sweden; Underage Drinking
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=52320

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