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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 62529 Find in a Library
Title: ALTERNATIVE TO METHADONE FOR PROBATIONER-ADDICTS NARCOTIC ANTAGONIST TREATMENT
Journal: CONTEMPORARY DRUG PROBLEMS  Volume:7  Issue:1  Dated:(1978)  Pages:117-132
Author(s): L S BRAHEN; T CAPONE; S BLOOM; H E ADAMS; M P SENIUK; P DEJULIO
Corporate Author: Federal Legal Publications, Inc
Managing Editor
United States of America
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 16
Sponsoring Agency: Federal Legal Publications, Inc
New York, NY 10007
Type: Program/Project Description
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE NARCOTIC ANTAGONIST TREATMENT, AS USED IN THE NASSAU COUNTY, NEW YORK, WORK RELEASE PROGRAM FOR PROBATIONERS, IS DESCRIBED; THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE PROGRAM AS AN ALTERNATIVE TO METHADONE AND DRUG FREE METHODS IS NOTED.
Abstract: DRUG FREE PROGRAMS PRIMARILY RELY UPON PSYCHOTHERAPEUTIC METHODS OF INDIVIDUAL OR GROUP COUNSELING. INDIVIDUAL PROGRESS IS DEPENDENT UPON THE OFFENDER'S PSYCHOSOCIAL STATUS AND MULTIPLE TREATMENT AND ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS. PATIENTS HIGHLY MOTIVATED TOWARD DRUG ABSTINENCE ARE MOST SUCCESSFUL USING THIS METHOD. METHADONE MAINTENANCE PROGRAMS, MORE PREDOMINANTLY USED, FIX A CHRONIC PATTERN OF ADDICTION IN SPITE OF PATIENTS' ACCESSIBILITY TO OVERALL TREATMENT. THE ILLEGAL SALE OF METHADONE IS ANOTHER FREQUENT SIDE EFFECT. NARCOTIC ANTAGONIST PROGRAMS OFFER A PROMISING ALTERNATIVE TO BOTH. NARCOTIC ANTAGONISTS ARE A GROUP OF NONADDICTIVE DRUGS THAT COMPETE FOR AND ARE PREFERENTIALLY RECEIVED BY THE SAME RECEPTOR CELLS TO WHICH NARCOTICS HAVE A CHEMICAL AFFINITY. DETOXIFICATION CAN BE ACCOMPLISHED IN 8 TO 36 HOURS, THUS MINIMIZING BOTH WITHDRAWAL DISCOMFORT AND HOSPITALIZATION COSTS. TWO MAINTENANCE REGIMENS ARE IN USE AT THE NASSAU COUNTY PROGRAM, BOTH INVOLVING THE USE OF NALTREXONE. INDIVIDUAL AND GROUP THERAPY SUPPLEMENT THE DETOXIFICATION EFFORTS. FUNDING FOR A PILOT ANTAGONIST PROGRAM FOR PROBATIONERS CAN BE RELATIVELY COST EFFICIENT. IN 1977, OVER 200 WORKRELEASE INMATES AND CLINIC OUTPATIENTS WERE TREATED IN NASSAU COUNTY AT A COST OF APPROXIMATELY $1,000 PER PATIENT. METHADONE MAINTENANCE COSTS WELL OVER $2,300 PER PERSON FOR THOSE REQUIRING MORE THAN THE STANDARD 1-YEAR TREATMENT. THE NARCOTIC ANTAGONIST PROGRAM SHOULD MERIT FEDERAL AND OTHER GOVERNMENTAL FINANCIAL SUPPORT. REFERENCE NOTES ARE INCLUDED IN THE ARTICLE. (LWM)
Index Term(s): Controlled Substances; Drug abuse; Drug dependence; Drug detoxification; Drug treatment programs; Methadone detoxification treatment; New York; Probationers; Programs
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=62529

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