skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 62530 Find in a Library
Title: AMBIENT TEMPERATURE AND THE OCCURRENCE OF COLLECTIVE VIOLENCE - A NEW ANALYSIS
Journal: JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY  Volume:37  Issue:3  Dated:(1979)  Pages:337-344
Author(s): J M CARLSMITH; C A ANDERSON
Corporate Author: American Psychological Assoc
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 8
Sponsoring Agency: American Psychological Assoc
Washington, DC 20002-4242
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE BARON AND RANSBERGER STUDY THAT FOUND A CURVILINEAR RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE FREQUENCY OF COLLECTIVE VIOLENCE AND AMBIENT TEMPERATURE IS CRITIQUED.
Abstract: BARON AND RANSBERGER (1978) PRESENTED AN ANALYSIS OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE FREQUENCY OF MAJOR RIOTS AND THE AMBIENT TEMPERATURE DURING THE RIOTS. A TOTAL OF 102 MAJOR RIOTS OCCURRING IN THE UNITED STATES BETWEEN 1967 AND 1971 WERE EXAMINED. THE STUDY CONCLUDED THAT THE LIKELIHOOD OF A RIOT INCREASES WITH RISES IN TEMPERATURE UP TO THE RANGE OF 81-85 DEGREES FAHRENHEIT AND THEN DECREASES SHARPLY WITH FURTHER INCREASES IN TEMPERATURE. THE EVIDENCE TO SUPPORT THIS RELATIONSHIP IS A FREQUENCY DISTRIBUTION OF THE NUMBER OF RIOTS PLOTTED AGAINST TEMPERATURE. THE CRITIQUE CONTENDS THAT THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN AMBIENT TEMPERATURE AND RIOTS POSITED IN THE BARON AND RANSBERGER STUDY IS AN ARTIFACT OF THE PARTICULAR WAY THE DATA WERE EXAMINED AND THAT AN APPROPRIATE REANALYSIS SUGGESTS A MONOTONICALLY INCREASING FUNCTION RELATING THE PROBABILITY OF RIOTS AND TEMPERATURE. IT IS ARGUED THAT THE STUDY DID NOT TAKE ACCOUNT OF BASE-RATE DIFFERENCES IN TEMPERATURE. FOR EXAMPLE, IF DAYS IN THE 81 TO 85 DEGREE RANGE ARE MORE COMMON THAN DAYS IN THE 91-95 DEGREE RANGE, RIOTS CAN BE EXPECTED TO BE MORE FREQUENT IN THE FORMER RANGE BECAUSE OF THE GREATER NUMBER OF DAYS WITH THAT RANGE OF TEMPERATURE. APPROPRIATE ANALYSIS SHOWS THAT RIOTS ARE RELATIVELY MORE COMMON IN THE HIGHER TEMPERATURE RANGE, HOWEVER, WHEN THE FEWER DAYS IN THAT TEMPERATURE RANGE ARE TAKEN INTO ACCOUNT. GRAPHIC DATA AND REFERENCES ARE PROVIDED. (RCB)
Index Term(s): Critiques; Nonbehavioral correlates of crime; Riot causes; Studies; Violence
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=62530

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.