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NCJ Number: 62532 Find in a Library
Title: SEARCHES WHILE IN CUSTODY
Author(s): M CROWELL
Corporate Author: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Government
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 16
Sponsoring Agency: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Government
Chapel Hill, NC 27599-5381
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS MEMORANDUM REVIEWS THE CURRENT LAW ON PERSONS IN CUSTODY, INDICATES FACTS WHICH HAVE LED COURTS TO LIMIT AUTHORITY OF OFFICERS, AND NOTES AREAS OF POSSIBLE FUTURE LIMITATIONS.
Abstract: UNTIL RECENT YEARS, IT WAS ASSUMED THAT THERE WAS NO LAW TO RESTRICT THE SEARCHING OF PRISONERS, AND THAT JAIL OFFICIALS COULD DO AS THEY WISHED. WHILE RESTRICTIONS ARE STILL MINIMAL, AND PRISONERS GENERALLY HAVE NO REASONABLE EXPECTATION OF PRIVACY, SOME OCCURRENCES HAVE PROMPTED THE COURTS TO LIMIT THE AUTHORITY OF OFFICERS AND JAIL OFFICIALS SEARCHING PERSONS IN CUSTODY. THIS MEMORANDUM DISCUSSES PRISONERS AND THEIR CELLS, SEARCHES INCIDENT TO THE INITIAL TAKING INTO CUSTODY, SEARCHES OF VISTORS AND GUARDS, AND RELATED MATTERS SUCH AS EAVESDROPPING ON CONVERSATIONS OF PRISONERS AND TAKING THEIR CONFESSIONS. FOR MOST ISSUES COVERED IN THE PAPER, IT DOES NOT SEEM TO MATTER TO THE COURTS WHETHER A PRISONER HAS BEEN CONVICTED, OR IS ARRESTED AND AWAITING TRIAL. THE MEMORANDUM GENERALLY STATES THE MAXIMUM INTERFERENCE THE COURTS WILL ALLOW AND SUGGESTS THAT SOMETIMES THE BETTER POLICY IS TO GIVE THE INMATE MORE PROTECTION THAN REQUIRED. USING CASE STUDIES AND SUMMARIES OF PERTINENT LAW, THE MEMORANDUM DISCUSSES SEARCHES OF PRISONERS AND THEIR BELONGINGS WHEN FIRST TAKEN INTO CUSTODY; INTENSIVE SEARCHES OF PRISONERS; COMMUNICATIONS BETWEEN PRISONERS AND OTHERS; CONSENT TO SEARCH GIVEN WHILE IN CUSTODY; CONFESSIONS WHILE IN CUSTODY; AND SEARCHES OF PERSONS OTHER THAN PRISONERS. IT IS NOTED THAT PRISONERS HAVE NO SIGNIFICANT FOURTH AMENDMENT RIGHTS, BUT THE COURTS DO LIMIT OFFICIALS WHEN THEIR ACTIONS MIGHT INTERFERE WITH OTHER RIGHTS OF THE PRISONER. (RFC)
Index Term(s): Administrative searches; Consent search; Pretrial procedures; Privacy and security; Right of privacy; Search and seizure laws; Security; Warrantless search
Note: ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE MEMORANDA
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=62532

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