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NCJ Number: 62563 Find in a Library
Title: INTERNATIONAL ACTION TO COMBAT AIRCRAFT HIJACKING
Journal: LAWYER OF THE AMERICAS  Volume:4  Dated:(1972)  Pages:460-473
Author(s): R P BOYLE
Corporate Author: University of Miami
School of Law
United States of America
Date Published: 1972
Page Count: 14
Sponsoring Agency: University of Miami
Coral Gables, FL 33124
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: ACTIONS TAKEN BY THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY TO COMBAT AIRCRAFT HIJACKING ARE REVIEWED, AND RECOMMENDATIONS FOR FURTHER NECESSARY STEPS AGAINST HIJACKING ARE CONSIDERED.
Abstract: HIJACKING HAS A SPECIAL IMPACT ON THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY BECAUSE IT COMPELS INVOLVEMENT IN POLITICAL SITUATIONS OUTSIDE THE BORDERS OF ANY INDIVIDUAL COUNTRY. A REVIEW BY THE INTER-AMERICAN BAR ASSOCIATION OF THE MEASURES TAKEN AGAINST HIJACKING INDICATES THAT SOUTH AMERICA HAS A HISTORY OF AIR PIRACY DATING FROM 1930, AND AUTHORITIES HAVE USED EXTRADITION TREATIES AND INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS TO PREVENT ITS OCCURRENCE. SIGNIFICANTLY, A DROP IN THE RATE OF HIJACKING OCCURRED IN 1971, COINCIDING WITH THE ACTIVITIES OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY IN COMBATING THIS CRIME. THE HAGUE CONVENTION OF 1970 SUPPLEMENTS PREVIOUS AGREEMENTS BY REQUIRING SIGNATORIES TO MAKE HIJACKING A SEVERELY PUNISHED OFFENSE AND BY PROVIDING FOR EXTRADITION OR PROSECUTION OF ALL HIJACKERS. ALTHOUGH EXTRADITION IS NOT COMPULSORY UNDER THE HAGUE CONVENTION, EVEN OFFENDERS SEEKING POLITICAL ASYLUM MUST BE PRESENTED BEFORE COMPETENT AUTHORITIES FOR PROSECUTION. THE MULTILATERAL CONVENTIONS CREATE A LEGAL SYSTEM WHICH SHOULD CONTRIBUTE TO ENDING THE SCOURGE OF HIJACKING AND AIRCRAFT SABOTAGE, AND IF ENOUGH STATES PARTICIPATE IN SUCH AGREEMENTS, THERE WILL NO LONGER BE THE SAFE HAVENS FOR OFFENDERS. POSSIBLE CONCERTED ACTION BY THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY MAY BE REQUIRED TO ENCOURAGE STATES TO DEAL EFFECTIVELY WITH HIJACKERS WITHIN THEIR TERRITORY. TABULAR DATA INDICATE THE WORLDWIDE REPORTED HIJACKING ATTEMPTS FROM 1930 TO 1972. FOOTNOTES ARE PROVIDED. (TWK)
Index Term(s): Aircraft hijacking; Antiterrorist laws; Counter-terrorism tactics; Hijacking; International agreements; International extradition; International law; Political offender nonextradition
Note: ORIGINALLY PRESENTED AT THE 17TH INTER-AMERICAN BAR ASSOCIATION BIENNIAL CONFERENCE HELD IN QUITO, ECUADOR, APRIL 24-29, 1972
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=62563

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