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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 62646 Find in a Library
Title: HOSTAGE RESCUE OPERATIONS - DENOUEMENT AT ALGERIA AND MOGADISHU COMPARED
Journal: CHITTY'S LAW JOURNAL  Volume:26  Issue:3  Dated:(MARCH 1978)  Pages:91-104
Author(s): H H A COOPER
Corporate Author: Jonah Publications Limited
Canada
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 14
Sponsoring Agency: Jonah Publications Limited
Downsview, Ontario, Canada
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Canada
Annotation: ANALYSES OF THE RESCUES OF HOSTAGES AT ENTEBBE AND AT MOGADISHU, AND THE TERRORIST HIJACKINGS OF THE JAPANESE RED ARMY REVEAL THE SLENDER MARGIN BETWEEN SUCCESS AND FAILURE IN COMBATING TERRORISTS.
Abstract: COMPARISONS OF HOSTAGE-TAKING EVENTS DURING THE 1970'S INDICATE THAT THE FORCES OF COUNTERTERRORISM HAVE APPROACHED THE LIMITS WITHIN WHICH RESPONSES CAN SUCCESSFULLY TAKE PLACE. THE FINITE LIMITS OF HUMAN ENDURANCE RESTRICT THE CONDITIONS IN WHICH CRISES CAN BE RATIONALLY MANAGED. TECHNOLOGY ASSISTS THE RESCUE FORCES UP TO A CERTAIN POINT, BUT THE FINAL ASSAULT ON A TERRORIST GROUP RELIES ON THE STRENGTH OF INDIVIDUAL SOLDIERS. TOLERANCES ARE VERY SLIGHT, AND MISTAKES OCCUR AT THE EXPENSE OF INNOCENT LIVES. ALTHOUGH GERMANY'S WELL-TRAINED GRENZSCHUTZGRUPPE-9 (BORDER POLICE UNIT) SUCCEEDED IN RESCUING THE PASSENGERS OF A LUFTHANSA AIRLINER AT MOGADISHU, THE EGYPTIAN COMMANDOS DIED IN A RESCUE EFFORT AT LARNACA, CYPRUS. THE EGYPTIAN FAILURE INDICATES THAT SUCH OPERATIONS SHOULD NEVER BE MOTIVATED BY REVENGE OR SHOWMANSHIP BUT MUST DEPEND ON COOPERATION WITH LOCAL AUTHORITIES. EXAMINATION OF THE HOSTAGE-TAKING PHENONEMON INDICATES THAT THE HOSTAGETAKER BECOMES AS MUCH A PRISONER OF THE SITUATION AS IS THE ACTUAL HOSTAGE. IT IS REMARKABLY DIFFICULT TO TRADE HOSTAGES FOR ANYTHING OF IMMEDIATE VALUE. ALTHOUGH THE JAPANESE RED ARMY SUCCEEDED IN KEEPING A LARGE RANSOM AFTER ITS 1977 SKYJACKING VENTURE, MOST HOSTAGE SITUATIONS ONLY GAIN PUBLICITY FOR THE OFFENDER. MANY NATIONS, ESPECIALLY ISRAEL, REPRESENT FORMIDABLE OPPONENTS TO TERRORISM. MOREOVER, THE ENTEBBE RAID DEMONSTRATED THE POSSIBLE ALTERNATIVES IF NEGOTIATION FAILS. THEORETICAL DISCUSSION OF RESCUE EFFORTS INDICATES THAT GOVERMENTS' PREFERENCES FOR PEACEFUL SOLUTIONS, PRIOR TO ANY USE OF FORCE, REPRESENT AN EXTRAORDINARY TRIUMPH OF REASON OVER EMOTION. FOOTNOTES ARE PROVIDED. (TWK)
Index Term(s): Aircraft hijacking; Hostages; International cooperation; Law Enforcement Tactical Units; Negotiation; Police hostage-negotiation units; Revolutionary or terrorist groups; Terrorism/Mass Violence
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=62646

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