skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 62677 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN INTER-URBAN CRIME AND INTRA-URBAN CRIME AND THE FUNCTIONAL SPECIALIZATION OF CITIES
Author(s): W E ROBERTS
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 245
Sponsoring Agency: US Dept of Justice
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 77NI-99-0043
Type: Thesis/Dissertation
Format: Dissertation/Thesis
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE EFFECTS OF THE FUNCTIONAL SPECIALIZATIONS OF CITIES UPON THE LEVELS OF CRIME ARE EXAMINED IN THIS THESIS.
Abstract: INTERURBAN AND INTRAURBAN CRIME RATES ARE LINKED THROUGH THE VARIABLE, FUNCTIONAL SPECIALIZATION OF THE CITY. FUNCTIONAL SPECIALIZATION IS DETERMINED BY THE DOMINANT ACTIVITIES IN THE CITY WHICH INTEGRATE THE COMMUNITY INTO THE LARGER SOCIAL SYSTEM. THESE ACTIVITIES INVOLVE THE SPECIALIZED PRODUCTION OF ONE OR A FEW PRODUCTS THAT ARE EXPORTED TO OTHER URBAN AREAS AND REGIONS AND THEREBY GENERATE A NET INFLOW OF PAYMENT FROM THE LARGER ECONOMY. SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF A CITY RESULT IN PART FROM THIS SPECIALIZATION. THE STUDY FOCUSES ON THE EFFECTS OF FUNCTIONAL SPECIALIZATION ON THE OCCURRENCE OF CRIME, BOTH BETWEEN CITIES AND WITHIN CITIES. THREE MEASURES OF CRIME ARE UTILIZED: ROBBERY, BURGLARY, AND TOTAL CRIME RATES. IN A SECTION WHICH FOCUSES ON INTERURBAN CRIME, 600 URBAN AREAS ARE GROUPED INTO 13 CATEGORIES OF FUNCTIONAL SPECIALIZATION. THE FINDINGS INDICATE THAT FUNCTIONAL SPECIALIZATION IS NOT SIGNIFICANTLY RELATED TO THE CRIME LEVEL IN A CITY. IN A SECTION DEALING WITH INTRAURBAN CRIME, THE RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN FUNCTIONAL SPECIALIZATION AND THE LEVEL OF CRIME IN CENSUS TRACTS WITHIN A CITY AND BETWEEN SOCIAL, DEMOGRAPHIC, AND ENVIRONMENTAL VARIABLES IN THE CENSUS TRACT AND THE LEVEL OF CRIME ARE EXAMINED. THE FINDINGS DEMONSTRATE THAT FUNCTIONAL SPECIALIZATION HAS A SMALL, NONSIGNIFICANT RELATIONSHIP WITH CRIME IN THE CENSUS TRACT. THE MOST IMPORTANT PREDICTOR FOR EACH OF THE CRIME MEASURES IS THE NUMBER OF BLACKS IN A CENSUS TRACT. MAPS, TABLES, GRAPHS, A BIBLIOGRAPHY OF APPROXIMATELY 125 REFERENCES AND APPENDIXES CONTAINING CRIME DATA AND CITY MAPS ARE INCLUDED.
Index Term(s): Crime prediction; Crime rate studies; Crime surveys; Location specific crime; Nonbehavioral correlates of crime; Social conditions; Urban area studies; Urban criminality
Note: TEMPLE UNIVERSITY - DOCTORAL DISSERTATION
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=62677

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.