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NCJ Number: 62749 Find in a Library
Title: WRETCHED OF THE EARTH
Author(s): F FANON
Corporate Author: Grove Press
United States of America
Date Published: 1963
Page Count: 316
Sponsoring Agency: Grove Press
New York, NY 10014
Random House
New York, NY 10022
Sale Source: Random House
201 East 50th Street
New York, NY 10022
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE USE OF VIOLENCE IN CREATING SOCIAL AND POLITICAL CHANGE IS ADVOCATED BY A LEADER OF THE ALGERIAN REVOLUTION IN AN ANALYSIS OF THE THIRD WORLD STRUGGLE FOR INDEPENDENCE.
Abstract: THE LEADER ARGUES THAT AFTER CENTURIES OF COLONIAL EXPLOITATION AND SLAVERY, THE THIRD WORLD IS CONFRONTING EUROPE TRYING TO RESOLVE THE PROBLEMS WHICH EUROPE CREATED. THE EUROPEANS UNDERTOOK THE LEADERSHIP OF THE WORLD WITH ARDOR AND VIOLENCE, BUT THEY DECLINED ALL HUMANITY AND MODESTY. THEREFORE, THE DEVELOPING NATIONS MUST NOT USE EUROPE AS A MODEL, BUT SHOULD CREATE A NEW SOCIETY WHICH ADVANCES HUMANITY. THE COLONIZED RACES KNOW THAT THEIR LIBERATION CAN ONLY BE ACHIEVED BY FORCE, AND THAT THE APPARENT FOLLY OF VIOLENCE WILL PUT THEM OUT OF REACH OF COLONIAL OPPRESSION. ANALYSIS OF THE REVOLUTIONS OF THE 20TH CENTURY INDICATES THAT THE VIOLENCE REQUIRED FOR LIBERATION IS PROPORTIONAL TO THE VIOLENCE USED BY CAPITALISTS IN THEIR SUBJECTION OF THE COLONIES. AFTER THE THIRD WORLD FREES ITSELF, IT MUST DEMAND THAT THE FORMER OPPRESSORS HELP TO REHABILITATE THE WORLD AND MAKE MANKIND VICTORIOUS EVERYWHERE. ALTHOUGH THE MASSES OF OPPRESSED PEOPLE WILL ATTEMPT TO SPONTANEOUSLY LIBERATE THEMSELVES, A REVOLUTION MUST NOT COMMIT ALL OF ITS FORCES AT ONCE. RATHER, A DETERMINED REVOLUTION WILL MAKE THE ENEMY REALIZE THAT HIS INTEREST LIES IN ENDING THE CONFLICT AND IN RECOGNIZING THE SOVEREIGNTY OF THE COLONIZED PEOPLE. A NATIONAL CONSCIOUSNESS MUST BE DEVELOPED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF AN ORGANIZATION WHICH REINFORCES TRADITIONAL VALUES WHILE BREAKING DOWN SOCIAL PREJUDICES. PSYCHIATRIC TECHNIQUES USED BY THE SO-CALLED EUROPEAN IMPERIALISTS IN TORTURE AND BRAINWASHING ARE EXAMINED WITH REFERENCE TO SPECIFIC MEDICAL CASES. FOOTNOTES ARE PROVIDED. (TWK)
Index Term(s): Algeria; Capitalism; Collective violence; Political influences; Politically motivated violent crimes; Psychiatry; Radical criminology; Socialism; Torture
Note: TRANSLATED BY CONSTANCE FARRINGTON
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=62749

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