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NCJ Number: 62750 Find in a Library
Title: HOSTAGE
Author(s): M S MIRON; A P GOLDSTEIN
Corporate Author: Pergamon Press, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 180
Sponsoring Agency: Pergamon Press, Inc
Elmsford, NY 10523
Sale Source: Pergamon Press, Inc
Maxwell House
Fairview Park
Elmsford, NY 10523
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: TO BETTER UNDERSTAND AND MORE SKILLFULLY HANDLE HOSTAGE SITUATIONS, TWO POLICE CONSULTANTS DISCUSS THE PSYCHOLOGY OF PERSONALITY AND PERSUASION, ILLUSTRATE VARIOUS HOSTAGE CASES, AND GIVE TRAINING METHODS FOR POLICE NEGOTIATORS.
Abstract: AN INTRODUCTION TO HOSTAGE NEGOTIATION FOCUSES ON THE BACKGROUNDS FOR VIOLENT ACTS, THE VARIETY OF HOSTAGE SITUATIONS, THE TIME FACTOR, NEGOTIATORS' TACTICS, AND THE PSYCHOLOGY OF THE PERPETRATOR. HOSTAGE CASES DETAILED INCLUDE THE COTTON CASE IN SYRACUSE, N.Y., THE KIRITSIS INCIDENT IN INDIANAPOLIS, IND., THE HANAFI MUSLIM CASE IN WASHINGTON, D.C., AND THE PATTY HEARST CASE IN CALIFORNIA. EACH CASE STUDY INVOLVES A PSYCHOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF THE PERPETRATORS' MOTIVES, POLICE TACTICS EMPLOYED, AND THE INFLUENCE OF THE MEDIA. THE HANAFI MUSLIM AND COTTON CASES DEMONSTRATE THE DANGERS OF MEDIA INFLUENCE, THE KIRITSIS INCIDENT ILLUSTRATES THE NEED FOR NEGOTIATORS' PATIENCE AND DELIBERATION BALANCED WITH APPROPRIATE LEVELS OF ACTION, AND THE HEARST CASE EMPHASIZES THE NEED FOR SOCIETY TO UNDERSTAND THE DESTRUCTIVE CRY OF ALIENATED GROUPS FOR RECOGNITION OF THEIR WORTH. ALSO OUTLINED ARE HOSTAGE NEGOTIATION PROCEDURES INVOLVING SAFETY OF ALL PARTIES, INFORMATION TO BE OBTAINED, NEGOTIATOR CHARACTERISTICS AND STYLES, NEGOTIATING STRATEGIES, CALMING AND PERSUADING THE PERPETRATOR, GATHERING INFORMATION, AND BUILDING RAPPORT. FOR THE POLICE TRAINER, STRUCTURED LEARNING TRAINING (SLT) IS THE MOST EFFECTIVE METHOD OF TEACHING NEGOTIATION SKILLS. THE FOUR COMPONENTS OF SLT--MODELING, ROLE PLAYING, SOCIAL REINFORCEMENT, AND TRANSFER TRAINING-- ARE INCORPORATED IN A STRUCTURED LEARNING MANUAL FOR POLICE TRAINERS, PROVIDING DETAILED GUIDELINES ON THE TRAINING OF NEGOTIATORS. APPENDIXES CONTAIN A DESCRIPTION OF A NEGOTIATOR SELECTION TEST AND A LIST OF RECOMMENDED READINGS. (WJR)
Index Term(s): Case studies; Crisis management; Hostages; Kidnapping; Police hostage negotiations training; Police hostage-negotiation units
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=62750

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