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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 62757 Find in a Library
Title: METHADONE PROGRAMS AND CRIME REDUCTION-A COMPARISON OF NEW YORK AND CALIFORNIA ADDICTS
Journal: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF THE ADDICTIONS  Volume:14  Issue:3  Dated:(1979)  Pages:377-400
Author(s): D K SECHREST
Corporate Author: Marcel Dekker Journals
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 24
Sponsoring Agency: Institute for Scientific Information
Philadelphia, PA 19104
Marcel Dekker Journals
New York, NY 10016
Sale Source: Institute for Scientific Information
University City Science Ctr
3501 Market Street
Philadelphia, PA 19104
United States of America
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: REDUCTIONS IN CRIMINAL ACTIVITY ACHIEVED BY METHADONE PATIENTS IN SANTA CLARA COUNTY, CALIF., AND BROOKLYN, N.Y., ARE COMPARED, AND RECOMMENDATIONS FOR FUTURE DRUG TREATMENT PROGRAMS ARE OFFERED.
Abstract: OVERALL DECLINES IN ARRESTS WERE FOUND OVER A 3-YEAR FOLLOWUP PERIOD FOR 473 DRUG ADDICTS TREATED BETWEEN OCTOBER 1969 AND JUNE 1971 AT THE ADDICTION RESEARCH AND TREATMENT CORPORATION (ARTC) PROGRAMS IN BROOKLYN, AND OVER A 2-YEAR PERIOD FOR 271 PATIENTS WHO ENTERED THE SANTA CLARA COUNTY METHADONE TREATMENT AND REHABILITATION PROGRAM BETWEEN OCTOBER 1969 AND JULY 1970. FOR BOTH GROUPS OF PATIENTS, ASSAULT ARRESTS SHOWED LESS OF A DECLINE THAN DID OTHER TYPES OF ARRESTS. COMPARED TO CALIFORNIA PATIENTS, BROOKLYN PATIENTS WERE ARRESTED LESS FREQUENTLY BUT FOR MORE SEVERE OFFENSES AT ALL POINTS IN THE STUDY (PRIOR TO AND DURING ADDICTION, AND AFTER ENTERING TREATMENT). AT THE ARTC FACILITY, DECREASED CRIMINAL ACTIVITY WAS SIGNIFICANTLY RELATED TO A RELATIVELY GOOD PRETREATMENT DRUG HISTORY AND TO DECREASED DRUG USE DURING PROGRAM PARTICIPATION. OUTCOMES WERE GENERALLY BETTER FOR OLDER PATIENTS THAN FOR YOUNGER ONES. THERE WAS NO REDUCTION IN COMPLAINTS OF CRIMINAL ACTIVITY FILED WITH POLICE IN THE PRECINCT SERVED BY THE ARTC PROGRAM (RELATIVE TO SURROUNDING PRECINCTS). STUDY FINDINGS SUGGEST THAT FUTURE DRUG TREATMENT PROGRAMS SHOULD DO THE FOLLOWING: (1) USE AGGRESSIVE OUTREACH TECHNIQUES, INCLUDING EPIDEMIOLOGICAL METHODS, TO REACH YOUNGER ADDICTS; (2) DEVELOP SOUND ADMINISTRATION AND MAKE A COMMITMENT TO A LONG TERM EFFORT; AND (3) SCREEN PATIENTS CAREFULLY AND PROVIDE AN INTEGRATED, BROADENED RANGE OF SERVICES COMBINING MAINTENANCE AND DRUG-FREE APPROACHES. SUPPORTING DATA AND A LIST OF REFERENCES ARE INCLUDED. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED--LKM)
Index Term(s): Arrest records; California; Drug offenders; Drug treatment programs; New York; Program evaluation
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=62757

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