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NCJ Number: 62778 Find in a Library
Title: SYNOPSIS OF SOME HOME OFFICE RESEARCH (FROM LIFESENTENCE PRISONERS, 1979, BY D SMITH - SEE NCJ-62775)
Author(s): R SAPSFORD; C BANKS
Corporate Author: Great Britain Home Office
Research and Planning Unit
United Kingdom
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 28
Sponsoring Agency: Great Britain Home Office
London. SW1H 9AT, England
Type: Statistics
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: RESULTS OF A SERIES OF STUDIES CONDUCTED BY THE HOME OFFICE RESEARCH UNIT REGARDING LIFE-SENTENCE MALE PRISONERS IN ENGLAND AND WALES ARE DISCUSSED; PRISON POPULATION, VICTIMS, AND MENTAL HEALTH ARE EMPHASIZED.
Abstract: THE LIFE-SENTENCE PRISON POPULATION IN ENGLAND AND WALES GREW FROM 133 ON 1957 TO 1,220 IN 1977. IN PART, THE INCREASE HAS BEEN CAUSED BY THE ABOLITION OF CAPITAL PUNISHMENT. IN ADDITION, THERE HAS BEEN AN INCREASE IN THE ANNUAL INTAKE OF CONVICTED MURDERERS FROM 29 IN 1956 TO 113 IN 1976. FURTHER FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO POPULATION GROWTH INCLUDE THE INCREASED USE OF LIFE SENTENCES FOR OFFENSES NOT INVOLVING HOMICIDE AND INTRODUCTION OF A CRIME OF DIMINISHED RESPONSIBILITY MANSLAUGHTER WHICH DIVERTED CASES FROM MENTAL HOSPITALS TO PRISONS. OTHER STUDIES SHOWED THAT REPRIEVE WAS A SELECTIVE PROCESS INFLUENCED BY MANY FACTORS OF WHICH VICTIM-TYPE AND DIAGNOSIS WERE THE MOST IMPORTANT. REPRIEVE WAS COMPARATIVELY UNLIKELY FOR MEN WHOSE CRIME INVOLVED THEFT OR SEXUAL OFFENSES BUT LIKELY FOR KILLERS OF THEIR OWN CHILDREN OR FOR MEN WHOSE CRIME OCCURRED IN A QUARREL AFTER DRINKING. A SMALL-SCALE STUDY WHICH INVOLVED INTERVIEWING AND PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTING OF LIFERS REVEALED SOME CHANGES IN ATTITUDE AND PERSONALITY BUT NO GENERAL INSTITUTIONALIZATION SYNDROME OF THE KIND REPORTED OCCURRING IN MENTAL HOSPITALS. A WIDE VARIETY OF DIFFERENT STYLES WERE ADOPTED BY THE MEN IN ORDER TO COPE WITH THEIR SENTENCES. OVER 40 PERCENT OF THE LIFE-SENTENCE PRISONERS HAD BEEN DIAGNOSED AS DISORDERED MENTALLY BY DATE OF CONVICTION. TABULAR DATA ARE INCLUDED IN THE CHAPTER. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED-LWM)
Index Term(s): Correctional institutions (adult); England; Homicide; Inmate statistics; Life sentences; Offenses; Studies; Wales
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=62778

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