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NCJ Number: 62797 Find in a Library
Title: OUTCOME EVALUATION OF A REFERRAL SYSTEM FOR JUVENILE OFFENDERS
Journal: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF COMMUNITY PSYCHOLOGY  Volume:6  Issue:4  Dated:(1978)  Pages:381-388
Author(s): J L SORENSEN
Corporate Author: Plenum Publishing Corp
United States of America
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 8
Sponsoring Agency: New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services
Albany, NY 12203-3764
Plenum Publishing Corp
New York, NY 10013-1576
Rochester-Monroe Cty Youth Board
NY
Type: Thesis/Dissertation
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS STUDY EVALUATED THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE REFERRAL SYSTEM FOR YOUNG OFFENDERS. IT MEASURED THE EFFECTIVENESS IN TWO AREAS: DIVERTING YOUTHS FROM COURT AND PREVENTING RECIDIVISM.
Abstract: JUVENILE REFERRAL SYSTEMS ARE PROGRAMS THAT COORDINATE EXISTING COMMUNITY RESOURCES WITH THE NEEDS OF THE POLICE AND THE COURTS. THE SUBJECTS IN THIS STUDY WERE 149 JUVENILES WHO WERE SENT TO THE MONROE COUNTY YOUTH SERVICES SYSTEM (NEW YORK) BY THE ROCHESTER POLICE DEPARTMENT AND 90 JUVENILES WHO WERE NOT REFERRED. THE REFERRED YOUTHS WERE DIVIDED INTO TWO GROUPS: 77 IN THE HIGH SERVICE GROUP AND 72 IN THE LOW SERVICE GROUP. THE STUDY COMPARED EIGHT BACKROUND VARIABLES AND MEASURED DIVERSION BASED ON WHETHER YOUTH'S FAMILY COURT PETITION WAS DISMISSED OR IF THE YOUTH RECEIVED A DETENTION SENTENCE. IT MEASURED RECIDIVISM BY DETERMINING WHETHER YOUTHS HAD FURTHER POLICE CONTACT IN A 6-MONTH FOLLOWUP PERIOD. FINDINGS SHOWED THAT, COMPARED TO THE LOW SERVICE GROUP, THE HIGH SERVICE YOUTHS HAD A HISTORY OF MORE PRIOR CONTACTS WITH THE POLICE, WERE MORE LIKELY TO BE MALES, AND WERE MORE LIKELY TO BE MINORITY GROUP MEMBERS. PETITIONED REFERRALS HAD THEIR CASES DISMISSED MORE FREQUENTLY THAN PETITIONED NONREFERRALS. HOWEVER, REFERRALS DID NOT DIFFER FROM NONREFERRALS WHEN COMPARED FOR RECEIVING A DETENTION SENTENCE. FEWER REFERRALS WOULD BE RECIDIVISTS IN THE FOLLOWUP PERIODS THAN THE NONREFERRALS. HOWEVER, NO RELATION EXISTED BETWEEN AMOUNT OF SERVICE AND RECIDIVISM. OVERALL, THE PROGRAM REACHED MULTIPLE OFFENDERS MORE FREQUENTLY AND FUNCTIONED MORE AS A TREATMENT FACILITY THAN AS A PREVENTIVE SERVICE FOR FIRST OFFENDERS, ALTHOUGH A PREVENTIVE EFFECT WAS OBSERVED FOR THE SECOND 3 MONTHS OF THE FOLLOWUP PERIOD. THE SERVICE THAT YOUTHS RECEIVED FOR THEIR FIRST OFFENSE MAY HAVE SERVED AS A REWARD AND INCREASED THEIR PROPENSITY FOR ILLEGAL BEHAVIOR. THE STUDY RECOMMENDED FURTHER EXAMINATION OF PARTICIPATING AGENCIES IN ORDER TO REFER THE APPROPRIATE YOUTH TO THE APPROPRIATE AGENCY. FOOTNOTES, REFERENCES, AND A TABLE ARE INCLUDED. (JLF)
Index Term(s): Juvenile court diversion; Juvenile Recidivism; New York; Program evaluation; Referral services
Note: STUDY BASED ON THE AUTHOR'S DOCTORAL DISSERTATION AT THE UNIVERSITY OF ROCHESTER
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=62797

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