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NCJ Number: 62798 Find in a Library
Title: RECENT U S (UNITED STATES) SUPREME COURT CASES ON FIRE AND CRIME SCENE SEARCHES
Author(s): D TAMER
Corporate Author: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Government
United States of America
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 7
Sponsoring Agency: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Government
Chapel Hill, NC 27599-5381
Publication Number: NO 78/10
Sale Source: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Government
Knapp-Sanders Building
Campus Box 3330
Chapel Hill, NC 27599-5381
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: TWO RECENT U.S. SUPREME COURT DECISIONS CLARIFY THE CONCEPT OF EMERGENCY SEARCHES AND NARROW THE LAWFUL SCOPE OF SUCH ACTIVITIES PERMISSIBLE UNDER THE FOURTH AMENDMENT.
Abstract: MICHIGAN V. TYLER PERTAINS TO INVESTIGATIONS OF FIRE SCENES AND MINCEY V. ARIZONA TO SEARCHES OF CRIME SCENES. BOTH CASES ARE DESCRIBED IN DETAIL, CLARIFYING THE COURT RULING AS IT RELATED TO EACH CASE. BOTH CASES LIMIT THE PERMISSIBLE SCOPE OF EMERGENCY SEARCHES TO SITUATIONS THAT CLEARLY DEMAND AN IMMEDIATE RESPONSE. SUCH SITUATIONS INCLUDE, BUT ARE NOT NECESSARILY LIMITED TO, FIGHTING FIRE AND PREVENTING ITS RECURRENCE, PURSUING A SUSPECT, PREVENTING THE IMMINENT DESTRUCTION OF EVIDENCE, AND SEARCHING FOR VICTIMS OF CRIMES AS WELL AS SUSPECTS. SUCH SEARCHES MUST BE CONDUCTED AS SOON AS THE EMERGENCY IS DISCOVERED, AND THEIR SCOPE IS LIMITED BY EACH CIRCUMSTANCE. SEACHES THAT ARE PROLONGED OR GO BEYOND MEETING THE IMMEDIATE NEED OF THE EMERGENCY ARE LAWFUL ONLY UNDER A WARRANT. IF NO EMERGENCY EXISTS, NO WARRANTLESS SEARCH MAY BE CONDUCTED. WARRANTLESS SEARCHES OF CRIME SCENES MAY BE CONDUCTED IF CONSENT IS OBTAINED FROM THOSE PERSONS WHO HAVE A RECOGNIZED PRIVACY INTEREST. EVIDENCE FROM AN ILLEGAL WARRANTLESS SEARCH CANNOT BE CHALLENGED BY A SUSPECT WITH NO RECOGNIZED PRIVACY INTEREST THAT HAS BEEN VIOLATED. ALTHOUGH THESE TWO DECISIONS WERE CONCERNED WITH INVESTIGATIONS OF ARSON AND MURDER, THEIR RULES ARE APPLICABLE TO INVESTIGATIONS OF OTHER CRIMES AS WELL. FOOTNOTES ARE INCLUDED. (MRK)
Index Term(s): Consent search; Judicial decisions; Legal privacy protection; Right of privacy; Search and seizure laws; Search warrants; US Supreme Court; Warrantless search
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=62798

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