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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 62824 Find in a Library
Title: SOME FURTHER EVIDENCE ON IMPRISONMENT VS THE DEATH PENALTY AS A DETERRENT TO MURDER
Journal: LAW AND HUMAN BEHAVIOR  Volume:2  Issue:3  Dated:(1978)  Pages:245-260
Author(s): W C BAILEY
Corporate Author: Plenum Publishing Corp
United States of America
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 16
Sponsoring Agency: Plenum Publishing Corp
New York, NY 10013-1576
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS IS A REEXAMINATION OF EARLIER RESEARCH ON THE DETERRENT EFFECT OF IMPRISONMENT VERSUS THE DEATH PENALTY FOR MURDER.
Abstract: IN A PREVIOUS EXAMINATION USING STEPWISE REGRESSION TECHNIQUES, SOME QUESTIONS WERE RAISED ABOUT THE STATISTICAL PROCEDURES EMPLOYED. THE STUDY FAILED TO SHOW THAT THE CERTAINTY OR SEVERITY OF IMPRISONMENT OR THE CERTAINTY OF EXECUTION WERE SIGNIFICANTLY RELATED TO HOMICIDE RATES FOR 1950 AND 1960 (THE ONLY YEARS WHERE ADEQUATE IMPRISONMENT, EXECUTION, SOCIODEMOGRAPHIC, AND HOMICIDE DATA WERE AVAILABLE. TO EXAMINE THE RELIABILITY OF THE PREVIOUSLY REPORTED FINDINGS, THE DATA WERE REANALYZED USING LEAST-SQUARES REGRESSION PROCEDURES. WITH THE EXCEPTION OF THE 1950 FINDINGS FOR THE CERTAINTY OF IMPRISONMENT, BOTH ANALYSES LED TO THE SAME GENERAL CONCLUSIONS. NEITHER THE CERTAINTY OF EXECUTION NOR THE SEVERITY OF IMPRISONMENT WERE FOUND TO BE EFFECTIVE DETERRENTS TO HOMICIDE. INSTEAD, HOMICIDE RATES APPEARED TO BE MUCH MORE RESPONSIVE TO CERTAIN SOCIOECONOMIC AND DEMOGRAPHIC CONDITIONS WITH SOME EVIDENCE SUGGESTING A POTENTIAL DETERRENT EFFECT FOR THE CERTAINTY OF IMPRISONMENT. WHILE FUTURE RESEARCH COMPARISONS REMAIN UNKNOWN, THE PICTURE RESULTING FROM THIS STUDY AND PREVIOUS INVESTIGATIONS IS HIGHLY CONSISTENT. REFERENCES ARE GIVEN. (MJW)
Index Term(s): Capital punishment; Deterrence; Deterrence effectiveness; Effects of imprisonment
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=62824

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