skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 62944 Find in a Library
Title: WORK RELEASE IN AN INSTITUTIONAL SETTING - THE EXPERIENCE AT MCI (MASSACHUSETTS CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTE) CONCORD
Author(s): S WITTENBERG
Corporate Author: Massachusetts Dept of Correction
United States of America
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 25
Sponsoring Agency: Massachusetts Dept of Correction
Milford, MA 01757 -369
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Publication Number: 10645-25-250-7-78-CR
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Statistics
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: RESULTS OF A STUDY TO DETERMINE THE REHABILITATIVE EFFECTIVENESS OF A WORK RELEASE PROGRAM IN AN INSTITUTIONAL SETTING AT THE MASSACHUSETTS CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTE AT CONCORD ARE PRESENTED.
Abstract: AS PART OF ITS EMPHASIS ON THE REINTEGRATION OF THE OFFENDER INTO SOCIETY, THE MASSACHUSETTS DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTIONS HAS EXPANDED ITS WORK RELEASE PROGRAM WHICH ALLOW RESIDENTS TO WORK IN THE COMMUNITY WHILE SERVING THEIR SENTENCES. IN THIS STUDY, BASE EXPECTANCY RATES WERE CALCULATED FOR A SAMPLE OF 109 INDIVIDUALS WHO ARE IDENTIFIED AS SUCCESSFUL WORK RELEASE COMPLETERS IN AN EFFORT TO ASSESS WHETHER SUCCESSFUL COMPLETION OF THE WORK RELEASE PROGRAM WHILE INCARCERATED WOULD SIGNIFICANTLY REDUCE THE RECIDIVISM RATES OF PARTICIPANTS AFTER THEIR RELEASES INTO THE COMMUNITY. SINCE THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE RECIDIVISM RATE THAT WAS EXPECTED FOR WORK RELEASE COMPLETERS, 32 PERCENT, AND THEIR ACTUAL RECIDIVISM RATE, 19 PERCENT, WAS FOUND TO BE STATISTICALLY SIGNIFICANT, IT WAS CONCLUDED THAT THE SUCCESSFUL COMPLETION OF THE WORK RELEASE PROGRAM DID FAVORABLY AFFECT REINTEGRATION. A DIFFERENTIAL RECIDIVISM ANALYSIS OF THIS WORK RELEASE SAMPLE REVEALED THAT PARTICIPANTS WHO HAD EXPERIENCED FEWER COURT APPEARANCES AND WHO HAD SPENT LESS TIME INCARCERATED WERE LESS LIKELY TO RECIDIVATE AFTER RELEASE. IN ADDITION, A SAMPLE OF 196 INDIVIDUALS WHO HAD PARTICIPATED IN THE WORK RELEASE PROGRAM WERE DIVIDED INTO WORK RELEASE COMPLETERS AND NONCOMPLETERS FOR THE PURPOSE OF IDENTIFYING AND SPECIFIC CHARACTERISTICS THAT DISTINGUISHED ONE SUBSAMPLE FROM THE OTHER. A MULTIVARIATE ANALYSIS REVEALED SEVEN VARIABLES THAT DIFFERED SIGNIFICANTLY PARTICULARLY THOSE RELATED TO EMPLOYMENT HISTORY AND PREVIOUS ARRESTS. THESE VARIABLES WERE USED FOR A PROFILE OF WORK RELEASE NONCOMPLETERS THAT COULD BE VALUABLE IN FUTURE SELECTION CRITERIA. REFERENCES, TABULAR DATA, AND APPENDIXES ARE INCLUDED IN THE STUDY. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED). (LWM)
Index Term(s): Community support; Correctional institutions (adult); Inmate Programs; Inmate statistics; Massachusetts; Research; Social reintegration; Statistical analysis; Work release
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=62944

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.