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NCJ Number: 62950 Find in a Library
Title: AMBIENT TEMPERATURE AND THE OCCURRENCE OF COLLECTIVE VIOLENCE - THE 'LONG, HOT SUMMER' REVISITED
Journal: JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY  Volume:36  Issue:4  Dated:(1978)  Pages:351-360
Author(s): R A BARON; V M PANSBERGER
Corporate Author: American Psychological Assoc
United States of America
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 10
Sponsoring Agency: American Psychological Assoc
Washington, DC 20002-4242
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: RESEARCH RESULTS INDICATE THAT AMBIENT TEMPERATURE WAS DIRECTLY ASSOCIATED WITH THE FREQUENCY OF COLLECTIVE VIOLENCE DURING TIMES WHEN THE TEMPERATURE WAS IN THE MID-80'S.
Abstract: TO DEVELOP EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE FOR THE INFORMAL OBSERVATIONS WHICH ASSOCIATED THE RIOTS OF THE 1960'S WITH THE UNCOMFORTABLE HEAT OF URBAN AREAS IN THE SUMMER, SEVERAL RESEARCH PROJECTS EXAMINED THE WEATHER CONDITIONS AND THE CRIME RATES OF THE 1960'S. SYSTEMATIC OBSERVATIONS REVEALED THAT A LARGE PROPORTION OF THE SERIOUS INCIDENTS OF COLLECTIVE VIOLENCE OCCURRING IN MAJOR AMERICAN CITIES DURING THE LATE 1960'S DID TAKE PLACE DURING THE HOT SUMMER MONTHS, WHEN HEAT-WAVE OR NEAR HEAT-WAVE CONDITIONS PREVAILED. THESE INITIAL FINDINGS DO NOT PROVIDE ANY DIRECT INFORMATION CONCERNING THE NATURE OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN WEATHER AND AGGRESSION. HOWEVER, AN EXAMINATION OF ARCHIVAL DATA PERTAINING TO 102 INSTANCES OF SERIOUS CIVIL DISORDER DURING THE PERIOD OF 1967 TO 1971 DOES INDICATE THAT THE FREQUENCY OF COLLECTIVE VIOLENCE AND AMBIENT TEMPERATURE WERE CURVILINEARLY RELATED WITH THE FREQUENCY OF SUCH EVENTS INCREASING WITH TEMPERATURE THROUGH THE MID-80'S, BUT THEN DECREASING SHARPLY WITH FURTHER INCREMENTS IN TEMPERATURE BEYOND THIS LEVEL. ADDITIONAL FINDINGS INDICATE THAT AMBIENT TEMPERATURE INCREASED SIGNIFICANTLY DURING THE 7 DAYS PRECEDING THE OUTBREAK OF VIOLENCE, REMAINED STABLE DURING ITS OCCURRENCE, BUT THEN DECREASED IN THE 3 DAYS FOLLOWING ITS TERMINATION. FURTHER RESEARCH SHOULD CONSIDER THE EFFECTS OF HEAT-RELATED FACTORS SUCH AS ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION AND OVERCROWDING. TABULAR DATA AND REFERENCES ARE PROVIDED. (TWK)
Index Term(s): Aggression; Behavioral science research; Biological influences; Collective violence; Crime prediction; Overcrowding; Seasonal influences on crime
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=62950

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