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NCJ Number: 62953 Find in a Library
Title: SUPERVISION AND CONTROL OF YOUNG OFFENDERS
Author(s): ANON
Corporate Author: Howard League for Penal Reform
United Kingdom
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 13
Sponsoring Agency: Howard League for Penal Reform
London, N19 3NL, England
Sale Source: Howard League for Penal Reform
708 Holloway Road
London, N19 3NL,
United Kingdom
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: THE BRITISH GREEN PAPER ON YOUTH CUSTODY AND SUPERVISION IS CRITIQUED, MAINLY FOR FOCUSING ON WAYS OF FIXING THE INCARCERATION LENGTH WHILE IGNORING IMPROVEMENT OF NONINSTITUTIONAL SUPERVISION METHODS.
Abstract: NO EVIDENCE IS GIVEN FOR THE EFFECTIVENESS OF INSTITUTIONALIZATION IN REDUCING CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR. INDEED, AN EXAMINATION OF THE EVIDENCE REVEALS THE REINFORCING EFFECTS OF INCARCERATION UPON DELIEQUENT BEHAVIOR. WHILE INSTITUTIONALIZATION IS NEEDED FOR SOME, MOST JUVENILE OFFENDERS WILL BENEFIT MOST FROM SUPERVISION AND COORDINATION OF SERVICES FOR THEM IN THE COMMUNITY. ALTHOUGH COMMUNITY SUPERVISION PROGRAMS HAVE NOT HAD NOTABLE SUCCESSES IN THE PAST, THIS IS DUE LARGELY TO A LIMITED COMMITMENT OF FUNDS AND A LACK OF A SUFFICIENT VARIETY OF PROGRAMS TO ACCOMPLISH APPROPRIATE OFFENDER-PROGRAM MATCHING. THE COMMUNITY CAN BE ADEQUATELY PROTECTED FROM SERIOUS OFFENDERS BY THE USE OF INTENSE AND RESTRICTIVE SUPERVISION BY PROBATION OFFICERS, PRESCRIBED FOR A DEFINITE PERIOD. FOR YOUTH REQUIRING INCARCERATION, SENTENCES SHOULD BE DETERMINATE ACCORDING TO THE SEVERITY OF THE OFFENSE AND LESS THAN THE LENGTH PRESCRIBED FOR AN ANALOGOUS ADULT OFFENSE. JUVENILES SHOULD BE PLACED IN INSTITUTIONS NEAR THEIR HOMES TO PERMIT FAMILY VISITS AND THE USE OF COMMUNITY SERVICES. THE APPENDIXES PROVIDE AN EXTRACT FROM A HOWARD LEAGUE PUBLICATION ON PROBATION VERSUS CUSTODY AND A DESCRIPTION OF THE PENAL REFORM ACTIVITIES OF THE HOWARD LEAGUE. (RCB)
Index Term(s): Community-based corrections (juvenile); Determinate Sentencing; England; Foreign juvenile justice systems; Incarceration; Juvenile probation
Note: COMMENTS ON THE GREEN PAPER 'YOUTH CUSTODY AND SUPERVISION', SEE NCJ-61621
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=62953

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