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NCJ Number: 62975 Find in a Library
Title: MACHINERY OF CORRUPTION IN THE SOVIET UNION
Journal: SURVEY  Volume:23  Issue:4  Dated:(AUTUMN 1977/1978)  Pages:35-55
Author(s): K SIMIS
Corporate Author: Oxford University Press
United Kingdom
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 21
Sponsoring Agency: Oxford University Press
Oxford OX2 6DP, United Kingdom
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: WHOLESALE CORRUPTION IN GENERAL AND BRIBERY IN PARTICULAR ARE ENDEMIC IN THE ONE-PARTY SYSTEM IN THE SOVIET UNION.
Abstract: CORRUPTION, BRIBERY, AND FRAUD EXIST AT ALL LEVELS OF SOVIET LIFE, ALTHOUGH THE TURNING POINT IN THE SPREAD OF CORRUPTION TOOK PLACE AFTER THE 20TH CONGRESS OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY. THE CHARACTERISTICS OF BRIBERY AMONG LOWER COMMUNIST PARTY ECHELONS ARE DICTATED BY THE CIRCUMSTANCES IN WHICH OFFICIALS LIVE AND THE POSITIONS THEY HOLD, HAVING NONE OF THE LEGALIZED PRIVILEGES THAT ACCRUE TO HIGHER RANKING MEMBERS. GRAFT AND EXTORTION ARE FOUND IN THESE FORMS: A CUT IS TAKEN FROM PRODUCE SUPPLIED IN COLLECTIVES AND STATE FARMS, PROTECTION IS EXTORTED FROM FOOD SERVICE ESTABLISHMENTS, EMBEZZLEMENT AND FRAUDULENT STOCKKEEPING EXIST IN MANY RETAIL CONCERNS, AND BRIBES ARE TAKEN IN RETURN FOR COMMITTING ILLEGAL ACTS AND FOR FULFILLING ACTIVITIES WHICH A PUBLIC SERVANT IS OBLIGED TO PERFORM. SUCH BRIBES ARE COMMON IN ALL AREAS OF LIFE. COURT PROCEEDINGS, ARTICLES IN THE SOVIET PRESS, AND RELIABLE INFORMATION FROM WELL-INFORMED SOURCES GIVE A FAIRLY COMPREHENSIVE PICTURE OF EXTENSIVE CORRUPTION. SPECIFIC CASES OF FRAUD AND BRIBERY ARE CITED. BECAUSE GOVERNMENT, LEGAL, AND PARTY OFFICIALS ARE ROUTINELY INVOLVED, THE CORRUPTION IS DIFFICULT TO CURB; THOSE WHO ATTEMPT TO LIVE HONESTLY MAY BE UNOFFICIALLY PENALIZED. SEVERAL SUCH CASES ARE DESCRIBED. FOOTNOTES COMPLETE THE TEXT. (RFC)
Index Term(s): Abuse of authority; Bribery; Corruption of public officials; Embezzlement; Fraud; Graft; Kickbacks; Police corruption; Property crimes; Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR); Unlawful compensation
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=62975

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