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NCJ Number: 62976 Find in a Library
Title: WOMEN AND HEROIN ABUSE - A SURVEY OF SEXISM IN DRUG ABUSE ADMINISTRATION
Author(s): D L ASHBROOK; L C SOLLEY
Corporate Author: R and E Research Associates, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1979
Page Count: 124
Sponsoring Agency: R and E Research Associates, Inc
Palo Alto, CA 94303
Sale Source: R and E Research Associates, Inc
936 Industrial Avenue
Palo Alto, CA 94303
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: CALIFORNIA DRUG ABUSE PROGRAM ADMINISTRATORS AND POLICYMAKERS WERE SURVEYED TO DETERMINE IF THEY DISPLAYED TRADITIONAL, STEREOTYPICAL ATTITUDES TOWARD FEMALES AND/OR FEMALE HEROIN ADDICTS.
Abstract: THE 61-ITEM WOMEN AND HEROIN ABUSE ATTITUDE SURVEY WAS MAILED TO 773 SUBJECTS, INCLUDING THE GOVERNOR AND ALL DRUG ABUSE ADMINISTRATIVE DIRECTORS, COUNTY PROGRAM COORDINATORS AND ALTERNATES, AND STATE PROFESSIONAL STAFF. TOTAL RESPONSE RATE WAS 27 PERCENT. USING THESE DATA, RESEARCHERS TESTED STATISTICALLY SEVEN HYPOTHESES. ONE-WAY ANALYSIS OF VARIANCE SHOWED NO SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE ATTITUDES OF STATE POLICYMAKERS AND THOSE OF PROGRAM STAFF, A CORRELATION BETWEEN ATTITUDES TOWARD FEMALE ADDICTS AND ATTITUDES TOWARD WOMEN IN SOCIETY, AND NO SIGNIFICANT DISPARITY BETWEEN ATTITUDES OF PROGRAM OFFICIALS AND PROGRAM STAFF. IN ADDITION, DATA DID NOT SUPPORT THE HYPOTHESIS THAT ATTITUDES OF PROGRAM STAFF WERE RELATED TO THE NUMBER OF FEMALE CLIENTS IN THEIR PROGRAM, NOR THE HYPOTHESIS THAT WOMEN ADDICTS ARE SEEN AS LESS OF A THREAT TO SOCIETY THAN MALE ADDICTS. FINALLY, POSITIVE ATTITUDES TOWARD WOMEN WERE RELATED TO POSITIVE ATTITUDES TOWARD PROGRAMMING TO MEET WOMEN'S NEEDS. THE HAWTHORNE EFFECT MAY HAVE INFLUENCED THE UNEXPECTEDLY POSITIVE ATTITUDES EXPRESSED. NEVERTHELESS, SOME BLATANTLY SEXIST RESPONSES WERE RECEIVED, AND DATA SHOWED THAT WOMEN WERE BOTH UNDERPAID AND UNDERREPRESENTED IN HIGHER-LEVEL OFFICIAL POSITIONS. FURTHER RESEARCH ON PREGNANT ADDICTS, FEMALE CLIENTS' NEEDS, CLIENTS' PERCEPTIONS OF STAFF ATTITUDES TOWARD WOMEN, AND ATTITUDES OF ALL CLINICAL STAFF TOWARD WOMEN IS RECOMMENDED. A LITERATURE REVIEW, STUDY DATA, FOOTNOTES, A BIBLIOGRAPHY, AND THE SURVEY INSTRUMENTS ARE INCLUDED. (CFW)
Index Term(s): Attitudes; California; Drug abuse; Drug offenders; Drug treatment programs; Female offenders; Female sex roles; Sex discrimination; Surveys
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=62976

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