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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 63004 Find in a Library
Title: FLORIDA - START (SHORT TERM ADOLESCENT REHABILITATION TREATMENT) CENTER PROGRAMS - EVALUATION
Author(s): ANON
Corporate Author: Florida Dept of Health and Rehabilitative Services
Office of Children, Youth and Families
Data Analysis Unit
United
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 34
Sponsoring Agency: Florida Dept of Health and Rehabilitative Services
Tallahassee, FL 32399
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: START CENTERS (SC), A FLORIDA SUBSTITUTE FOR JUVENILE IMPRISONMENT, ARE SMALL, COMMUNITY-BASED TREATMENT CENTERS PRODUCING RELATIVELY FAVORABLE RECIDIVISM RATES.
Abstract: EACH SC HANDLES 20 TO 25 DELINQUENT YOUTHS UNABLE TO COPE WITH COMMUNITY LIVING BUT NOT NEEDING INSTITUTIONALIZATION. SC YOUTHS COMMITTED TO SC'S MAY WORK, ATTEND IN-HOUSE EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMS, OR PARTICIPATE IN ACTIVITIES SUCH AS FIELD TRIPS. RESIDENTS LEARN LIVING SKILLS THROUGH UNDERSTANDING PROBLEMSOLVING TECHNIQUES, CONFLICT RESOLUTION, AND ACCEPTING RESPONSIBILITY FOR THEIR ACTIONS. THE TREATMENT PROGRAM'S CORE IS DAILY REALITY THERAPY, WHICH PROVIDES POSITIVE PEER SUPPORT. SC'S HAVE SYSTEM LEVELS, BEHAVIOR OBJECTIVES THAT MUST BE ACHIEVED TO GAIN MORE FREEDOM AND RESPONSIBILITY OR PROVE READINESS FOR RELEASE. INFORMATION USED IN THIS REPORT COMES FROM A DATA FILE ON COMMITTED YOUTH, ANNUAL EVALUATION OF FLORIDA YOUTH SERVICES TRAINING PROGRAMS, CASE REVIEWS OF ALL YOUTH UNDER FIELD SUPERVISION (INCLUDING AFTERCARE), AND YOUTH SERVICES FILES CHECKED FOR RECIDIVISM. NINETY-THREE YOUTHS WERE PLACED IN SC'S IN 1977, FIRST QUARTER. THE AVERAGE AGE WAS 15.4 YEARS; ONE-THIRD WERE BLACK AND 55 PERCENT WERE COMMITTED FOR PROPERTY CRIMES. SEVENTY-NINE PERCENT WERE FIRST OFFENDERS, MOST TENDING TO LESS SERIOUS OFFENSES. THE AVERAGE SC STAY WAS 105 DAYS. RESULTS OF EVALUATION SHOW THAT SC EDUCATION PROGRAMS SUBSTANTIALLY IMPROVE ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT. ALTHOUGH SCHOOL AND JOB INVOLVEMENT DISCOURAGE RECIDIVISM, ONLY 42 PERCENT OF SC RELEASEES WERE IN SCHOOL AFTER 6 MONTHS, AND ONLY 22 PERCENT WERE EMPLOYED. RECIDIVISM AFTER 18 MONTHS WAS 20 PERCENT FOR FEMALES, 40 PERCENT FOR MALES. OVERALL, SC'S ARE FAIRLY STABLE AND COST-EFFECTIVE. TABULAR INFORMATION AND FOOTNOTES ARE INCLUDED.
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Community-based corrections (juvenile); Evaluation; Florida; Group homes; Juvenile court diversion; Juvenile Recidivism; Juvenile residential treatment centers; Juvenile treatment methods; Program evaluation
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=63004

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